Africa and the Africans in the Nineteenth Century

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M.E. Sharpe, 2009 - History - 312 pages
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Most histories seek to understand modern Africa as a troubled outcome of nineteenth century European colonialism, but that is only a small part of the story. In this celebrated book, beautifully translated from the French edition, the history of Africa in the nineteenth century unfolds from the perspective of Africans themselves rather than the European powers.It was above all a time of tremendous internal change on the African continent. Great jihads of Muslim conquest and conversion swept over West Africa. In the interior, warlords competed to control the internal slave trade. In the east, the sultanate of Zanzibar extended its reach via coastal and interior trade routes. In the north, Egypt began to modernize while Algeria was colonized. In the south, a series of forced migrations accelerated, spurred by the progression of white settlement.Through much of the century African societies assimilated and adapted to the changes generated by these diverse forces. In the end, the West's technological advantage prevailed and most of Africa fell under European control and lost its independence. Yet only by taking into account the rich complexity of this tumultuous past can we fully understand modern Africa from the colonial period to independence and the difficulties of today.
 

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Contents

A Turbulent History 1 People and Their Environment Africas Climate and Demography
3
A Turbulent History 2 Political and Warlike Islam The Maghreb and West Africa Before the Colonial Conquest
18
A Turbulent History 3 Political and Merchant Islam East Africa
70
A Turbulent History 4 Animisms ResistanceOpenness and Introversion CentralWestern Africa
109
A Turbulent History 5 The Meeting of Cultures Southern Africa
135
A Turbulent History 6 Colonial Intervention
156
A Turbulent History 7 The Centurys Innovations
185
A Turbulent History Conclusion
268
A Turbulent History Notes
271
A Turbulent History Bibliography
281
A Turbulent History Chronology Europeans in Africa
293
A Turbulent History Index
299
A Turbulent History About the Author
313
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About the author (2009)

Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch is Professor of History at the University of Paris. She is the author and editor of numerous books on historical and contemporary Africa.

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