Africa and the Africans in the Nineteenth Century
Most histories seek to understand modern Africa as a troubled outcome of nineteenth century European colonialism, but that is only a small part of the story. In this celebrated book, beautifully translated from the French edition, the history of Africa in the nineteenth century unfolds from the perspective of Africans themselves rather than the European powers.It was above all a time of tremendous internal change on the African continent. Great jihads of Muslim conquest and conversion swept over West Africa. In the interior, warlords competed to control the internal slave trade. In the east, the sultanate of Zanzibar extended its reach via coastal and interior trade routes. In the north, Egypt began to modernize while Algeria was colonized. In the south, a series of forced migrations accelerated, spurred by the progression of white settlement.Through much of the century African societies assimilated and adapted to the changes generated by these diverse forces. In the end, the West's technological advantage prevailed and most of Africa fell under European control and lost its independence. Yet only by taking into account the rich complexity of this tumultuous past can we fully understand modern Africa from the colonial period to independence and the difficulties of today.
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A Turbulent History 1 People and Their Environment Africas Climate and Demography
A Turbulent History 2 Political and Warlike Islam The Maghreb and West Africa Before the Colonial Conquest
A Turbulent History 3 Political and Merchant Islam East Africa
A Turbulent History 4 Animisms ResistanceOpenness and Introversion CentralWestern Africa
A Turbulent History 5 The Meeting of Cultures Southern Africa
A Turbulent History 6 Colonial Intervention
A Turbulent History 7 The Centurys Innovations
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Abomey Ahmadu Algeria Algiers Anioma Arabs Asante Atlantic backcountry bambara became began beginning Boers Bornu British Cape capital city caravans chiefs Christian coast colonial Congo conquest cultural desert despite dominated drought east economic Egypt eighteenth century empire especially established Ethiopia European exported farming French Fulani Futa Jallon Futa Toro gold groups Hajj Hajj Umar Hausa increased Indian inhabitants interior Islam ivory jihad Kikuyu king Kingdom kola labor Lake land livestock Luanda major Masai Masina merchants military mission missionaries Mozambique Muslim Natal Ndebele Nguni Niger Niger River nineteenth century nyamwezi Omani palm oil plantations political population ports Portuguese rabīh raids religious river Sahara Sahel Saint-Louis Senegal settlers Sierra Leone slave trade slavery social societies Sokoto soldiers Soninke Sotho South Africa southern Africa spread Sudan sultan Swahili Timbuktu took Tuaregs Uthman dan Fodio villages West Africa Western White women Xhosa yoruba Zanzibar Zulu