The Thought War: Japanese Imperial Propaganda

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University of Hawaii Press, Apr 1, 2007 - History - 242 pages

A major contribution both to the study of Japan and propaganda in the twentieth century. Barak Kushner meticulously and convincingly reveals the full scope of what was assumed to not have existed; namely an organized, multifaceted, and disturbingly resilient system of Japanese propaganda. Based on an impressive array of primary sources, many only recently uncovered, The Thought War provides a fascinating assessment of the complex and often contradictory processes of Japanese propaganda in an imperial context. Michael Baskett, professor of film studies, University of Kansas

Barak Kushner has written a first-rate study of propaganda in Japan during the Second World War. In a work of painstaking research, he takes his readers into the heart of wartime Japan, building a compelling argument that Japanese propaganda was sophisticated and effective in rallying the population and, after the war, seamlessly redirecting it to aid the transformation of Imperial Japan into the post-war democracy of today. The Thought War is a superbly competent piece of research that floods light into a place where only generalization, supposition, and stereotype had existed before. Nicholas J. Cull, University of Southern California, editor, Propaganda and Mass Persuasion: A Historical Encyclopedia, 1500 present

The Thought War is a unique and remarkable study. Barak Kushner reveals that Japanese propaganda during World War II was astonishingly sophisticated, diverse, and effective. What s more, the methods, messages, and makers of wartime propaganda proved just as successful at shaping public opinion in the wake of Japan s defeat as they earlier had been in mobilizing the nation for war. Kushner s insights on Japan s path from empire, through war, and into postwar reconstruction are provocative, compelling, and thoroughly convincing. William M. Tsutsui, chair of the Department of Asian Studies, University of Kansas

The Thought War is the first book in English to examine the full extent of Japan s wartime propaganda. Based on a wide range of archival material and sources in Japanese, Chinese, and English, it explores the propaganda programs of the Japanese government from 1931 to 1945, demonstrating the true scope of imperial propaganda and its pervasive influence, an influence that is still felt today. Contrary to popular postwar rhetoric, it was not emperor worship or military authoritarianism that led an entire nation to war. Rather, it was the creation of a powerful image of Japan as the leader of modern Asia and the belief that the Japanese could and would guide Asia to a new, glorious period of reform that appealed to imperial subjects.

Kushner analyzes the role of the police and military in defining socially acceptable belief and behavior by using their influence to root out malcontents. His research is the first of its kind to treat propaganda as a profession in wartime Japan. He shows that the leadership was not confined to the crude tools of sloganeering and government-sponsored demonstrations but was able instead to appropriate the expertise of the nation s advertising firms to sell the image of Japan as Asia s leader and modernizer. In his exploration of the propaganda war in popular culture and the entertainment industry, Kushner discloses how entertainers sought to bolster their careers by adopting as their own pro-war messages that then filtered down into society and took hold. Japanese propaganda frequently conflicted with Chinese and American visions of empire, and Kushner reveals the reactions of these two nations to Japan s efforts and the meaning of their responses.

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Contents

Master Propagandists and Their Craft
19
Defining the Limits of Society
50
Advertising as Propaganda
68
A Funny Thing Happened to Me on the Way to the Front
85
The Japanese Propaganda Struggle on the Chinese Mainland
117
Preparing for Defeat
156
Conclusion
184
Notes
191
Bibliography
219
Index
237
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Page 25 - The aim of modern propaganda is no longer to modify ideas but to provoke action. It is no longer to change adherence to a doctrine, but to make the individual cling irrationally to a process of action. It is no longer to lead to a choice but to loosen the reflexes. It is no longer to transform an opinion, but to arouse an active and mythical belief
Page 24 - Japanese always complained that they were poor propagandists. In best propaganda style, they complained so persistently that they convinced many foreigners it was true. Japanese liked nothing better than to be told they were poor propagandists. It assured them that their propaganda was working.
Page 10 - India, such as the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the Office of War Information (OWI), the...

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