Language at Large: Essays on Syntax and Semantics
The volume brings together important essays on syntax and semantics by Aikhenvald and Dixon, highlighting their expertise in various fields of linguistics. The first part focusses on linguistic typology, covering case markers used on verbs, argument-determined constructions, unusual meanings of causatives, the semantic basis for a typology, word-class-changing derivations, speech reports and semi-direct speech. The second part concentrates on documentation and analysis of previously undescribed languages, from South America and Indigenous Australia. The third part addresses a variety of issues in grammar and lexicography of English. This includes pronouns with transferred reference, comparative constructions, features of the noun phrase, and the discussion of 'twice'. The treatment of Australian Aboriginal words in dictionaries is discussed in the final chapter.
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accusative action adjectives adpositions adverbs affix agreement Aikhenvald 2003 ambitransitive verb antipassive applies Arawak languages aspect Australian languages causation causative markers chapter choice clausal clause-linking comparative complement clause constituent core argument cross-referencing Current Speaker dative depend described deverbal Dictionary direct and indirect direct speech report discourse discussed distinction Dixon Dyirbal English ergative Evidentiality example feminine gender grammatical system inflected instance intransitive involved Jarawara John kangaroo locative classifiers main clause Manambu marking masculine meaning morphemes morphological causatives nominalizations noun class noun phrase numeral classifiers object oblique occur omitted optional Original Speaker Palikur passive plural polysemous predicate prefix pronouns properties relates reporting verb second person semantic semantic types semi-direct speech reports similar singular slot speech report constructions stative verbs suffix syntactic function Table Tariana tense third person Tibeto-Burman tion tive transitive clause transitive verbs typically typology underlying unmarked verbal classifiers word classes