Bees, Wasps, and Ants: The Indispensable Role of Hymenoptera in Gardens
Few insects are more important than bees, wasps, and ants. They maintain the garden's biological balance, fertilize vegetables, fruits, and flowers, and recycle nutrients within the soil. It's no exaggeration to say that a garden can't be understood without an understanding of its insects.
Bees, Wasps, and Ants explores the importance of the Hymenoptera and explains how gardeners can encourage (or discourage) them in the garden. Part One includes a summary of their biology and a tour of what role they play in each part of the garden. Part Two takes a closer look at the individual groups within the family, including sawflies, horntails, woodwasps, parasitic wasps, predatory wasps, bees, and ants.
Bees, Wasps, and Ants is sure to persuade even the most insectphobic reader to invite these fascinating creatures into their gardens.
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abdomen adult aphids Apidae attack attract bees and wasps beetle larvae behavior biological Bob Carlson Figure Braconidae bugs Bugwood.org Figure bumble bees burrow butterflies Carll Goodpasture Figure carpenter ants carpenter bees caterpillar cells cleptoparasitoids colony common Crabronidae ectoparasitoid entomologist eusocial example female fig wasps flies flowers gall formers gall wasps garden genera genus Halictidae honey bees hornets horntails host hunt hunters Hymenoptera hyperparasitoids Ichneumonidae inch insects known larvae lay eggs lays an egg leaf leafcutter length living males mating moth nearly nectar nest nesters North America north of mexico number of species overwinter ovipositor paper wasps parasitic wasps parasitoids Photo by Carll plant feeders plant-feeding pollination Pompilidae predators predatory wasps prey pupae queen rarely sawflies single social soil solitary bees Sphecidae spider wasps stinging parasitoids subfamily Superfamily Symphyta trees true parasitoids Vespidae wasp larva websites wings wood wasps world species yellow jackets