The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka: Terrorism, Ethnicity, Political Economy

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Routledge, Nov 19, 2008 - Political Science - 304 pages

The book provides a detailed historically-based analysis of the origin, evolution and potential resolution of the civil conflict in Sri Lanka over the struggle to establish a separate state in its Northern and Eastern provinces. This conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the secessionist LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) is one of the world’s most intractable contemporary armed struggles. The internationally banned LTTE is considered the prototype of modern terrorism. It is known to have introduced suicide bombing to the world, and recently became the first terrorist organization ever to acquire an air force.

The ‘iron law of ethnicity’ – the assumption that cultural difference inevitably leads to conflict – has been reinforced by the 9/11 attacks and conflicts like the one in Sri Lanka. However, the connections among ethnic difference, conflict, and terrorism are not automatic. This book broadens the discourse on the separatist conflict in Sri Lanka by moving beyond the familiar bipolar Sinhala versus Tamil ethnic antagonism to show how the form and content of ethnicity are shaped by historical social forces. It develops a multipolar analysis which takes into account diverse ethnic groups, intra-ethnic, social class, caste and other variables at the local, regional and international levels. Overall, this book presents a conceptual framework useful for comparative global conflict analysis and resolution, shedding light on a host of complex issues such as terrorism, civil society, diasporas, international intervention and secessionism.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Broadening the discourse
9
The British colonial period and early years of independence
29
3 From class struggle to ethnic separatism 19711977
53
4 Liberalization authoritarianism and communal violence 19771983
77
5 Internationalization of the secessionist struggle 19831987
110
6 Indian intervention IndoSri Lanka Accord and intensification of violence 19871994
133
7 A peace package war and the international community 19942002
156
8 Norwegian facilitated peace initiative 20022008
176
Separatism or pluralism?
200
Notes
224
Selected bibliography
264
Index
268
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Asoka Bandarage is currently Visiting Associate Professor in the Government Department, Georgetown University, US. Her research interests include the global political-economy and ethnicity, gender, population and ecology in the context of South Asia.

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