Commonplace and Creativity: The Role of Formulaic Diction in Anglo-Scottish Traditional Balladry
International Specialized Book Service Incorporated, Jan 1, 1985 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 404 pages
As the first book of its kind Commonplace and Creativity offers a comprehensive study of the formulaic narrative technique in the traditional ballads of England and Scotland. It outlines a new concept of the ballad formula and presents a new assessment of how formulas function in context. The author analyses more than 2.000 formula lines and stanzas, and emphasizing the distinctly dramatic, 'supra-narrative' potential of the coventional ballad language he demonstrates that singers may use formulas discriminatingly to produce their 'own' versions of the ballads. Formulas can be characterized in terms of both stability and variation, and consequently they are an important vehicle for the traditional re-creativity and gradual re-interpretation which are so vital for the life of the ballad tradition.
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PARTI THE DEFINITION OF THE FORMULA
Michael Nagler and Paul Kiparsky
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Annie appears arms formula arrives asks ballad formulas ballad story ballad tradition Bonny Baby Livingston bonny boy bower bride Bronson Brown castle wall Chiel Wyet Child Maurice Child Waters comes context court daughter death Earl Crawford employed English eventually expressions father Fause Foodrage following ballads formlernes formula family formulaic diction Geordie Gil Brenton goes HADNA hand formula Hind Etin Holzapfel horn formula horse hurries Isabel Janet Jeannie Robertson Johnie Scot killed king King Estmere king's knight Lady Barnard Lady Maisry Laird left shoulder letter Little Musgrave Lizzie Higgins looking Lord Barnard Lord Thomas lover Margaret marry Mary messenger-boy mother mula narrative idea oral overtones phrases pregnant princess private tape queen repetition returns Robin saddle Scottish sends sewing singers songs Stanley Robertson stanza structure supra-narrative function takes tion traditional balladry true-love turns round formula versions wedding wife William Willie Young Beichan young girl