Trade and Society in the Straits of Melaka: Dutch Melaka and English Penang, 1780-1830

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NUS Press, 2007 - Commerce - 388 pages
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This pioneering work from a member of Malaysia's new generation of historians is a tale of two different cities, the one with a trading heritage dating back centuries, the other a new creation spawned by the declining fortunes of the once mighty Dutch East India Company. Melaka was an important commercial entrepot on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula long before it fell to Portuguese forces in 1511, but thereafter began an extended process of declining that would continue after the Dutch conquest of the city in 1641. Penang became a significant port after 1786 when 'country traders' created a base on the island to defy the Dutch monopoly, although it was quickly overshadowed by Singapore after the founding of a British settlement there in 1819. Drawing on a large volume of archival records, many of them not used by earlier historians, Trade and Society in the Straits of Melaka examines the social and economic fabric of these two port cities, the one very much a Dutch town and the other British. Along the way, the author deals with a number of key questions. The answers involve considerations of urban morphology, demographic characteristics and migration, property rights, and slave ownership. The author also provides a detailed account of shipping in the Straits of Melaka, and discusses how this information contributes to debates concerning the decline of the region's 'Age of Commerce' in the face of imperialist competition.
 

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Contents

The Straits of Melaka and the Trading World
1
Major ports on the Coromandel Coast c 1700
6
Main ports on the Coromandel Coast Straits of Melaka and Indonesian archipelago
17
The Geography and Trade of Melaka 17801830
37
Melakan ship owners in 178182
45
Melakas trading network and value of imports and exports 182829
47
Excess imports and exports in Melakas trade 182829
52
Melakas major commodities imported and exported 1810 182425 and 182829
56
Slavedebtors in Melaka town and its suburbs in 1826
183
Slaves and slavedebtors in the town ofMelaka and its suburbs in 1827
184
Population of the town of Penang in 1788
185
Total population of the town of Penang in 1810 not including persons in the Companys service
187
Population of the town of Penang by ethnicity in 1818
189
Population of the town of Penang in 1822
190
Dutch Urban Administration in Melaka
197
The Political Council Raad van Politie of Melaka in 1780 and 1793
198

The Geography and Trade of Penang 17861830
69
Plan of Prince of Wales Island and adjacent coast 1836
76
Main imports and exports by Malay traders to Penang in 1792
87
Melaka and Penang 17801830
105
Comparative analysis of the number of ships arriving at and departing Melaka and Pen ang 17801802
114
Imports and exports of Penang and Melaka 182829
118
Import and export of the seven main commodities for Penang and Melaka 182829
119
Trading networks and connections
120
Urban Traditions Geography and Morphology
123
Map of Melaka drawn in the early eighteenth century
139
Types of shop buildingsdwellings in Penang in 1818
144
List of government buildingshouses and lands in 1827
147
Early Penang showing the Malay Town on the south and town centre
148
Number of houses destroyed in the 1814 Penang fire
151
Number of inhabitants of housesshops destroyed in the 1814 Penang fire
152
Plates
159
Population Growth in Melaka and Penang 17801830
162
Total population of the town ofMelaka in the seventeenth century
164
Total population of the town ofMelaka and its dependencies in 17501766 and 1817
166
Population of the town ofMelaka and its suburbs in late 1824
168
Census of Malay kampong in suburbs ofMelaka town in 1825
170
Population ofMelaka town and its dependencies in 1826
171
Birth and mortality rates in the town ofMelaka and its suburbs in 1826
172
Population of the town ofMelaka and its suburbs in 1826
173
Slaves working with the VOC in 1775
178
Slave owners in Melaka town and its suburbs in 1824 owning slaves under 8 years of age
179
The slave population in Melaka town and its suburbs in 1826
182
Superintendents of wards wijkmeesteren in Melaka in 1744
202
Superintendents of wards in Melaka in 17751782 and 1793
204
The militie of Melaka in 1782
212
List of native patrols in Melaka in 182526
213
Statement on the Burgerije Cassa Burgher Fund in December 1780
214
De stad Malacca In Francois Valentyn Oud en nieuw OostIndien 40
219
Major land proprietors in Melaka
224
James Wathen View overlooking Georgetown 1811
236
British Urban Administration in Penang
237
Committees of Assessors formed in Penang 17961814
242
Government property sold in 180405
249
Income from the tax on carts and road users in Penang in 1807
250
Revenue from rents duties and sale of government property 1825 to 1828
251
Types and total number of buildings in Penang in 1818
253
Unpaid arrears bad debts of revenue farms in Penang from 180613
255
Monthly management expenditure of the arak farmers in 1825
257
Average annual expenses and net profit of revenue farmers on Prince of Wales Island in 1825
258
Melaka Society 17801830
271
Auguste Nicholas Vaillant Ancienne Eglise a Malacca
276
a Porttown of Migrants 17861830
294
Value of property according to ethnicity land houses and premises in an area around 340 yards from Fort Cornwallis in 1806
297
Conclusion
320
Figures
325
Bibliography
344
A study of two port towns in the Straits of Melaka Ph D thesis Amsterdam Vrije Universiteit 2002
362
Index
369
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