Policy Into Action: Implementation Research and Welfare Reform
Mary Clare Lennon, Tom Corbett
Urban Institute Press, 2003 - Social Science - 332 pages
The sweeping changes of 1996's welfare reform legislation are more than just new policies. They represent a profound transformation of the character and structure of social policy institutions in the United States, a shift from a bureaucratic, centralized mode for income transfer, to a "professional," mode aimed at complex behavioral change. The evaluation community has responded with a shift from traditional impact analyses to implementation studies that get inside the skin of this new, more flexible structure. Implementation research explores the translation of concepts into working policies and programs, evaluates how well the administrative and management dimensions of these policies work, and how the programs are experienced by all involved. Policy into Action offers state of the art thinking on implementation research from leading policy researchers and evaluation practitioners. It is a valuable collection for anyone involved in policy research or evaluation in the new environment.
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Policymakers and Program Managers
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administrative data AFDC agency assess behavior Brodkin caseload central staff chapter child support clients comparison group context control or comparison data collection approaches Demonstration Research Corporation discussion effects employment ethnographic examine example families federal field researchers focus groups focused goals gram impact analysis impact evaluation impact study imple implementation analysis implementation research implementation studies in-person interviews individual information systems inter interactions internal validity intervention issues job search JTPA Karin MacDonald labor market Manpower Demonstration Research MDRC measures ment mentation methods multiple Nathan observation organizational outcomes performance analysis policy implementation policymakers political Poverty practice problems program group program or policy public management qualitative research quantitative research questions response Rockefeller Institute sample Social desirability bias social policy strategies street-level research structure TANF theory tion types U.S. Department understanding Urban Institute variables waiver welfare policy welfare recipients welfare reform welfare-to-work workers