Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response
Oxfam, 2004 - Political Science - 339 pages
The Sphere Humanitarian Charter and Minimum standards in Disaster Response are a remarkable international initiative aimed at improving the effectiveness and accountability of humanitarian assistance. This new edition of the handbook has been thoroughly revised and updated, taking into account recent development in humanitarian practice, together with feedback from practitioners in the field, research institutes and cross-cutting experts in protection, gender, children, older people, disabled people, HIV/AIDS and the environment. The revised handbook is the product of an extensive collaborative effort that reflects the collective will and shared experience of the humanitarian community, and its determination to improve on current knowledge in humanitarian assistance programmes.The cornerstone of this book is the Humanitarian Charter, which is based on the principles and provisions of international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law, and on the principles of the Red Cross and NGO Code of Conduct. It describes the core principles that govern humanitarian action and asserts the right of populations to protection and assistance. The Minimum Standards are organised into an initial chapter that details process standards for the planning and implementation of programmes, together with four technical chapters covering water, sanitation and hygiene promotion; food security, nutrition and food aid; shelter, settlement and non-food items; and health services. As a practical tool, the Humanitarian Charter can be used to define overarching project goals while the Minimum Standards, together with their supporting indicators and guidance notes, enable an analytical assessment of the programme requirements and a framework for monitoring progress and evaluating outcomes. Taken as a whole, Sphere also provides a powerful tool for coordination and advocacy, particularly in its multisectoral scope and its linkage of principle to practise.
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activities adequate affected population agencies anthropometric Appendix appropriate areas breastfeeding capacity chapter commodities context Control of communicable cooking coordination cultural diarrhoea disaster response disaster-affected populations displaced distribution drainage emergency ensure environment essential drug list food aid food security Food security standard Geneva guidance note guidance notes 1-2 Guidelines handbook health facilities health services Health systems HIV/AIDS host household human rights Humanitarian Charter Hygiene Promotion identified impact implementation individuals International international humanitarian law interventions Key indicators malaria malnutrition materials measles Medecins Sans Frontieres micronutrient deficiencies minimise Minimum Standards monitoring mortality needs NGHAs organisations outbreak Oxfam participation planning possible practices priority protection protocols public health read in conjunction Refugees relevant relief risk Shelter and settlement situations social solid waste sources specific staff targeting thermal comfort toilets UNHCR vector control vulnerable groups water supply women World Health Organisation
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