The Challenge of Diversity: Indigenous Peoples and Reform of the State in Latin America
Over the past several years new constitutions have been promulgated in many Latin American countries. A notable feature of the new constitutional frameworks is the recognition of the multiethnic and pluricultural character of these Latin American societies and States. Without question this fact reflects the new weight that indigenous movements have gained in political processes in the region. The recognition of multiethnicity constitutes a significant break with the previous perspective based on homogeneity and assimilation. Although this recognition of diversity is indeed important, the real test and challenge shall be the full implementation of diversity through concrete policies and institutional reforms.
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Indigenous peoples and reform of the State in Latin America
Ethnic politics and State reform in Ecuador
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according administration agrarian Aguaruna America Amuesha Apetatitlan areas autonomy Awas Tingni ayllus ayuntamiento Bolivia cargo cargo system Carlos Gaviria civil claims COCOPA collective rights Colombia colonial communal lands comunes CONAIE concession conflicts context Costumbres system Council Court customary law demands Derecho digenous discourse diversity economic Ecuador electoral established Estado forms framework Guatemala Harakmbut human rights identity ILO Convention 169 Indians indige indigenous authorities indigenous communities indigenous jurisdiction indigenous law indigenous organizations indigenous population indigenous rights indigenous territories indios individual inhabitants institutions internal issues juridical justice Latin American legal pluralism MARENA mechanisms ment mestizo Mexican Mexico movements multicultural municipal municipios neoliberal Nicaraguan norms Oaxaca official Palenque parties peasant pluricultural policies political procedures proposal protection pueblos Purhepecha recognition of indigenous recognized region regulation relation resguardos rights of indigenous self-determination social society SOLCARSA TCOs tion Tlaxcala traditional Usos y Costumbres