The Metaphysics of the Incarnation: Thomas Aquinas to Duns Scotus

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OUP Oxford, Feb 14, 2002 - Religion - 380 pages
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The period from Thomas Aquinas to Duns Scotus is one of the richest in the history of Christian theology. The Metaphysics of the Incarnation aims to provide a thorough examination of the doctrine in this era, making explicit its philosophical and theological foundations. Medieval theologians believed that there were good reasons for supposing that Christ's human nature was an individual. In the light of this, Part 1 discusses how the various thinkers held that an individual nature could be united to a divine person. Part 2 shows how one divine person could be incarnate without any other. Part 3 deals with questions of Christological predication, and Part 4 shows how an individual nature is to be distinguished from a person. The work begins with a full account of the metaphysics presupposed in the medieval accounts, and concludes with observations relating medieval accounts to modern Christology.
 

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Contents

THE PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEM SUBSTANCE AND NATURE
1
SOME MEDIEVAL ANALYSES
9
3 LITERATURE
24
Models for the hypostatic union
27
THE HISTORICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUND
29
2 PHILOSOPHY
33
THE CONCRETE WHOLECONCRETE PART MODEL PRO ET CONTRA
51
1 THOMAS AQUINAS
62
RICHARD OF MIDDLETON
164
5 DUNS SCOTUS AGAINST THE OMNIPOTENCE AND INFINITY ARGUMENTS
165
6 DUNS SCOTUS AGAINST THE PERFECTION ARGUMENT
167
DUNS SCOTUS
170
The communication of properties
181
CHRISTOLOGICAL PREDICATION
183
2 REDUPLICATION AND CONTRADICTORY PREDICATES
192
RELATIONS AND INTRINSIC PROPERTIES
206

2 MATTHEW OF AQUASPARTA
64
3 WILLIAM OF WARE
66
4 GODFREY OF FONTAINES AND DUNS SCOTUS
69
6 DOMINICANS AFTER AQUINAS
71
THE SUBSTANCEACCIDENT MODEL 1 FRANCISCANS FROM BONAVENTURE TO WILLIAM OF WARE
77
1 BONAVENTURE
78
2 MATTHEW OF AQUASPARTA
82
3 PETER JOHN OLIVI
83
4 WILLIAM OF WARE
85
THE SUBSTANCEACCIDENT MODEL 2 GILES OF ROME AND HIS OPPONENTS
89
2 HENRY OF GHENT
104
3 GODFREY OF FONTAINES
114
4 HERVAEUS NATALIS AND DUNS SCOTUS
119
THE SUBSTANCEACCIDENT MODEL 3 DUNS SCOTUS
121
2 ACCIDENTAL DEPENDENCE AND TRUTHMAKING
124
3 IDENTITY AND MEREOLOGY
128
4 AN ARISTOTELIAN PROBLEM
133
5 INDWELLING
136
CONSEQUENCES OF THE UNION
137
Trinitarian issues
145
SOME POINTS OF CHRISTOLOGICAL CONSENSUS
147
2 THE INCARNATION OF JUST ONE DIVINE PERSON
151
3 CAUSALITY AND DIVINE ACTION IN THE INCARNATION
152
THE RATIO TERMINANDI ESSENCE OR PERSONAL PROPERTY?
156
1 THE OMNIPOTENCE AND INFINITY ARGUMENTS
159
HENRY OF GHENT
160
WILLIAM OF WARE
162
1 THEORIES
208
2 EVALUATION
213
CHRISTS HUMAN ACTIVITY AGENCY AND PREDICATION
218
COUNTING PERSONS AND NATURES
230
Theories of subsistence
237
THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
239
ESSE THEORIES OF SUBSISTENCE
246
PRE1286
257
POST1286
261
4 GILES OF ROME
263
5 TWO DOMINICANS AFTER AQUINAS
269
RELATION THEORIES OF SUBSISTENCE
270
2 WILLIAM OF WARE
273
NEGATION THEORIES OF SUBSISTENCE 1 THE THIRTEENTH CENTURY
285
2 GODFREY OF FONTAINES
290
3 HERVAEUS NATALIS
295
NEGATION THEORIES OF SUBSISTENCE 2 DUNS SCOTUS
297
2 THE NEGATION THEORY OF SUBSISTENCE
301
3 ARE NEGATION THEORIES FATALLY METAPHYSICALLY FLAWED?
308
A PROGRAMME FOR CHRISTOLOGY
311
1 THE ASSUMED NATURE AS AN INDIVIDUAL SUBSTANCE
312
2 THE PROGRAMME
317
Bibliography
325
Index Locorum
337
General Index
345
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About the author (2002)

Richard Cross is Tutorial Fellow in Theology, Oriel College, and University Lecturer in Theology, University of Oxford

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