Illyrian Apollonia: Toward a New Ktisis and Developmental History of the Colony

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2009 - 1097 pages
This thesis examines the history and archaeology of the Greek colony at Apollonia in southern Illyria during the Graeco-Roman period. Through a critical review of the textual and archaeological evidence it seeks to challenge the validity of well entrenched ideas that are repeated in modern scholarship about the foundation and history of the apoikia. A ktisis for the colony alternative to the Marxist interpretations that were constructed under Albanian Communism is then presented. Current approaches to studying Greek colonization provide a useful framework for structuring this alternative discourse about Apollonia. The review of the textual evidence is supplemented by new survey data from the Mallakastra Regional Archaeological Project, documented and analyzed here for the first time. Patterns of settlement expansion and contraction in the hinterland through antiquity are evident. An attempt is made to tie diachronic differences in landscape exploitation to major historical events in southern Illyria and the larger Graeco-Roman Mediterranean.

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