Divine Honours for the Caesars: The First Christians' Responses
In this book Bruce Winter explores the varied responses of the first Christians to requirements to render divine honors to the Caesars as the conventional public expression of loyalty to Rome and its rulers. How did they cope with the culture of emperor worship when they were required to give their undivided loyalty to Jesus?
First examining the significant primary evidence of emperor worship and the enormous societal pressure the first Christians would have faced to participate in it, Winter then looks at specific New Testament evidence in light of his findings. He examines individual cities and provinces and the different ways in which Christians responded to the pressure to fulfill their obligations as citizens and participate in the conventional expressions of loyalty to the Roman Empire.
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Divine Honours for the Caesars and the Roman East
Imperial Endorsement of Divine Titles and Declining
Festivities Holidays New Honours and Golden Ages
Honours to for and by the Caesars and Reciprocal Benefits
Jewish Responses to Divine Honours
Romes and Pauls
Promoting Cultic Honours in Achaea
Imperial Cultic Veneration in Roman Corinth
Confrontation for Thessalonian Christians and
Impending Exile for Christians in Hebrews
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Acts Alexandria ancient Areopagus Athenian Athens Caesar Augustus Caesarea Maritima Cambridge University Press Christians circumcision cited citizens Claudius coins Corinth Corinthian Council cultic honours declared decree dedicated deified Diaspora Dio Chrysostom discussion divine Caesar divine honours divus E. J. Brill emperor Epicureans evidence festival Fishwick Gaius Galatians God’s Golden Age governor Greek East Herod high priest imperial cult imperial cult temple imperial cultic activities imperial gods inscription Jerusalem Jesus Jewish Antiquities Jews Josephus Julio-Claudian Julius Caesar Latin West Leiden loyalty Maximus Messene Nero Nero’s official Oxford Paul Paul’s Philo philosophers political pontifex maximus proconsul province of Asia Provincial Cult provincial imperial records reference reign Religion Rituals and Power rôle Roma and Augustus Roman Documents Roman Empire Roman World Rome Rome’s sacrifices saviour Scipio Senate Seneca the Younger Sherk Spawforth statue Stoic Suetonius term Thessalonica worship Zeus θεοῦ καὶ τε τοῦ τῶν