The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World
Paul Keyser, with John Scarborough
Oxford University Press, Jun 26, 2018 - History - 1200 pages
With a focus on science in the ancient societies of Greece and Rome, including glimpses into Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China, The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World offers an in depth synthesis of science and medicine circa 650 BCE to 650 CE. The Handbook comprises five sections, each with a specific focus on ancient science and medicine. The second section covers the early Greek era, up through Plato and the mid-fourth century bce. The third section covers the long Hellenistic era, from Aristotle through the end of the Roman Republic, acknowledging that the political shift does not mark a sharp intellectual break. The fourth section covers the Roman era from the late Republic through the transition to Late Antiquity. The final section covers the era of Late Antiquity, including the early Byzantine centuries. The Handbook provides through each of its approximately four dozen essays, a synthesis and synopsis of the concepts and models of the various ancient natural sciences, covering the early Greek era through the fall of the Roman Republic, including essays that explore topics such as music theory, ancient philosophers, astrology, and alchemy. The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World guides the reader to further exploration of the concepts and models of the ancient sciences, how they evolved and changed over time, and how they relate to one another and to their antecedents. There are a total of four dozen or so topical essays in the five sections, each of which takes as its focus the primary texts, explaining what is now known as well as indicating what future generations of scholars may come to know. Contributors suggest the ranges of scholarly disagreements and have been free to advocate their own positions. Readers are led into further literature (both primary and secondary) through the comprehensive and extensive bibliographies provided with each chapter.
B Early Greek Science
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1st century 2nd century alchemy Alexandria Almagest ancient animals Archytas Aristotle Aristotle’s Asclepiades astrology astronomy authors Babylonian body calendar Cambridge University Press celestial Celsus century bce chapter Classical color Commentary Corpus cosmos culture Democritus Diogenes Laërtius Dioscorides discussion disease early earth Egypt Egyptian elements Empiricist Epicurean Epicurus Erasistratus Eratosthenes Euclid’s example extant figure fragments Galen geographical geometrical Greek Hellenistic Herophilus Hippocrates Hippocratic History human ical Keyser knowledge Kühn Late Antiquity later Latin Leiden London Lucretius lunar material mathematical mechanics medicine Mesopotamian methods modern moon motion nature Neoplatonic Optics Oxford University Press Papyrus period phenomena Philodemus Philolaus philosophical physical physicians physiognomy planets Plato Pliny Plotinus pneuma Posidonius practice problems Proclus psychē Ptolemy Ptolemy’s Pythagoras Pythagorean Roman Rome scientific Scribonius soul sources stars Stoic Strabo surviving texts Theophrastus theory Timaeus tion tradition translation treatise treatment visual Vitruvius vols writing