The Archaeology of Africa: Food, Metals and Towns

Front Cover
Thurstan Shaw, Bassey Andah, Alex Okpoko, Paul Sinclair
Psychology Press, 1993 - Social Science - 857 pages
Africa has a vibrant past. It emerges from this book as the proud possessor of a vast and highly complicated interweaving of peoples and cultures, practising an enormous diversity of economic and social strategies in an Extraordinary range of environmental situations.
At long last the archaeology of Africa has revealed enough of Africa's unwritten past to confound preconceptions about this continent and to upset the picture inferred from historic written records. Without an understanding of its past complexities, it is impossible to grasp Africa's present, let alone its future.
 

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Contents

environmental relations
13
Conclusion
31
The main climatic phases of the late Quaternary in central Africa
44
Comparison of the African forest zone with east Africa
50
Pearl millet
57
Rodents
63
Ovis aries
69
Sheep
78
New evidence on early ironsmelting from southeastern Nigeria
432
Acknowledgements
448
with emphasis
459
some of
468
Ancient ironworking in Madagascar
478
The ironusing communities in Kenya
484
Metaphors and representations associated with precolonial iron
499
The magical production of iron in the Cameroon Grassfields
512

Summary and conclusion
84
Conclusions
103
The onset of food production among NiloSaharans
109
Dating early NiloSaharan food production
115
Recent developments in African language classification and their
126
Notes
138
Words indicating cultivation
152
the transition from hunting
165
The emergence of a foodproducing economy in the Sahara
227
Identifying early farming traditions of west Africa
240
a case study of early sedentism and food
255
a view from
261
some ethno
274
Transition from Late Stone Age to Iron Age in
330
The antiquity of cultivation and herding in Ethiopia
344
The beginnings of food production in southwestern Kenya
358
The rise and fall of nomadic pastoralism in the central Namib desert
372
The iron age peoples of eastcentral Botswana
386
an anthropological enquiry and a historical
399
The historical narrative
406
ecology society
551
Urbanism in bronze age Egypt and northeast Africa
570
The land of Punt
587
State development and urbanism in northern Ethiopia
609
Urbanism in Aksumite Ethiopia
616
understanding urban origins along
622
Urbanization and state formation in Ghana during the Iron Age
642
a preliminary study
652
Trade and politics on the eastern littoral of Africa AD 8001300
658
The eleventh to thirteenth centuries
665
evidence for the origin of
673
Coastinterior settlements and social relations in the Kenya coastal
694
Urban trajectories on the Zimbabwean plateau
705
Survey results
722
Settlement area and communication in African towns and cities
732
Interactioncommunication constraints and the size of settlements
743
References
750
Index
835
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