Liberalism and Social Action
In Liberalism and Social Action, John Dewey (1859-1952), one of America's leading social philosophers, surveys the history of liberal thought from John Locke to John Stuart Mill, in his search to find the core of liberalism for today's world. While liberals of all stripes have held to some very basic values - liberty, individuality, and the critical use of intelligence - earlier forms of liberalism restricted the state function to protecting its citizens while allowing free rein to socioeconomic forces. But, as society matures, so must liberalism as it reaches out, to redefine itself in a world where government must play a role in creating an environment in which citizens can achieve their potential. Dewey's advocacy of a positive role for government - a new liberalism - nevertheless finds him rejecting radical Marxists and fascists who would use violence and revolution rather than democratic methods to achieve social objectives.
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activities actual Al Seckel alism belief Bentham Benthamite BOOKS IN PHILOSOPHY century civil common Communist Manifesto conception conﬂict consequences cooperative creed deﬂected democracy desire directed doctrine dogma earlier liberalism economic effective liberty effort ends existing experimental expression fact forces of production freedom Friedrich Engels G. W. F. Hegel habits ical idea ideal indi individuals industry inﬂuence insti institutions intel intellectual interest invention Karl Marx knowledge labor laissez faire later legislation Marx material means ment method of intelligence Mill’s mind moral natural laws ohn Stuart organized intelligence organized social past patterns policies political possession possible practice present problem professed radical realize régime release renascent liberalism Revolution scientific method self-interest Sidney Hook signifies social action social change social control social organization society struggle theory things thought tion tutions values viduals violence