Turkey: Violations of Free Expression in Turkey
Human Rights Watch, 1999 - Political Science - 122 pages
Recommendations--Background--International Legal Obligations--Freedom of Expression in Turkey Today--Violence Against Journalists--Imprisoned Journalists--Restrictions on Free expression--Restrictions on the Use of the Kurdish Language.
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Altan amended Ankara Anti-Terror Law April Article 159 Article 312 Atatiirk August banned broadcasting Ceza closed columnist committed confiscated conflict in southeastern constitution crime Cumhuriyet democratic Diyarbakir ethnic Kurdish Foundation of Turkey free expression freedom of expression HADEP Human Rights Foundation Human Rights Watch imprisonment indictment indivisible insulting Internet Edition Interview Islamist Istanbul Istanbul daily January journalists Kanun Kemal killed Kurdish question Kurdish-language Kurdish-nationalist Law Concerning military Milli Gazete Milliyet minorities National Security nationalist Necmettin Erbakan newspapers Ocalan October official parliament Parties Law penal code penalty percent PKK members police Political Parties Law Press Law Prime Minister principles private television prohibited propaganda prosecution prosecutor protecting punished region religious repeal Article Republic of Turkey responsible editor restrictions Security Court security forces self-censorship sentence September 1997 southeastern Turkey Susurluk television stations Tunceli province Turkey's Turkish national Turks Ugur Mumcu violated violence writing Yeni Yilmaz
Page 17 - Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.
Page 17 - The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties and responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, for the protection of the reputation or rights of others, for preventing the disclosure of information received in...
Page 112 - No language prohibited by law shall be used in the expression and dissemination of thought. Any written or printed documents, phonograph records, magnetic or video tapes, and other means of expression used in contravention of this provision shall be seized by a duly issued decision of a judge or, in cases where delay is deemed prejudicial, by the competent authority designated by law. The authority issuing the seizure order shall notify the competent judge of its decision within twenty-four hours.
Page 112 - Anyone who writes or prints any news or articles which threaten the internal or external security of the State or the indivisible integrity of the State with its territory and nation, which tend to incite offence, riot or insurrection...
Page 18 - Article 10, it is applicable not only to "information" or "ideas" that are favourably received or regarded as inoffensive or as a matter of indifference, but also to those that shock, offend or disturb the State or any sector of the population. Such are the demands of that pluralism, tolerance and broadmindedness without which there is no "democratic society
Page 106 - Publication shall not be made in any language prohibited by law...." Article 26 states that, No language prohibited by law shall be used in the expression and dissemination of thought.
Page 99 - The development of respect for the child's parents, his or her own cultural identity, language and values, for the national values of the country in which the child is living, the country from which he or she may originate, and for civilizations different from his or her own...
Page 20 - In those circumstances the support given to the PKK described as a "national liberation movement" - by the former mayor of Diyarbakir. the most important city in south-east Turkey. in an interview published in a major national daily newspaper. had to be regarded as likely to exacerbate an already explosive situation in that region. 61 . The Court accordingly considers that the penalty imposed on the applicant could reasonably be regarded as answering a "pressing social need" and that the reasons...
Page 19 - Court has previously held that one of the principal characteristics of democracy is the possibility it offers of resolving a country's problems through dialogue, without recourse to violence, even when they are irksome. Democracy thrives on freedom of expression. From that point of view, there can be no justification for hindering a political group solely because it seeks to debate in public the situation of part of the State's population and to take part in the nation's political life...