The Hall Effect and Its Applications

Front Cover
C. Chien
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 11, 2013 - Science - 550 pages
In 1879, while a graduate student under Henry Rowland at the Physics Department of The Johns Hopkins University, Edwin Herbert Hall discovered what is now universally known as the Hall effect. A symposium was held at The Johns Hopkins University on November 13, 1979 to commemorate the lOOth anniversary of the discovery. Over 170 participants attended the symposium which included eleven in vited lectures and three speeches during the luncheon. During the past one hundred years, we have witnessed ever ex panding activities in the field of the Hall effect. The Hall effect is now an indispensable tool in the studies of many branches of condensed matter physics, especially in metals, semiconductors, and magnetic solids. Various components (over 200 million!) that utilize the Hall effect have been successfully incorporated into such devices as keyboards, automobile ignitions, gaussmeters, and satellites. This volume attempts to capture the important aspects of the Hall effect and its applications. It includes the papers presented at the symposium and eleven other invited papers. Detailed coverage of the Hall effect in amorphous and crystalline metals and alloys, in magnetic materials, in liquid metals, and in semiconductors is provided. Applications of the Hall effect in space technology and in studies of the aurora enrich the discussions of the Hall effect's utility in sensors and switches. The design and packaging of Hall elements in integrated circuit forms are illustrated.
 

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Contents

A Hundred Years of Hall Effect
1
The Hall Effect of Ferromagnets
55
Hall Effect from Skew Scattering by Magnetic Impurities
77
Hall Effect in Single Crystals of Iron e
99
Hall Effect in Amorphous Metals
137
The Hall Effect in Liquid Metals
201
Experimental Results
215
Experimental Hall Effect Data for a SmallPolaron
253
Electron Correlation and Activated Hall Mobility
355
Some General Inputoutput Rules Governing Hall
375
Hall Currents in the Aurora
399
Hall Effect Formulae and Units
417
Packaging Hall Effect Devices
447
Hall Effect Magnetometers for High Magnetic Fields
463
Applications of Hall Effect Devices
481
The Background
509

The Hall Effect in Hopping Conduction
281
Hall Effect and the Beauty and Challenges of Science
299
The Hall Effect in Heavily Doped Semiconductors
339

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