World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence
"World hypotheses" correspond to metaphysical systems, and they may be systematically judged by the canons of evidence and corroboration.
In setting forth his root-metaphor theory and examining six such hypotheses—animism, mysticism, formism, mechanism, contextualism, and organicism—Pepper surveys the whole field of metaphysics. Because this book is an analytical study, it stresses issues rather than men. It seeks to exhibit the sources of these issues and to show that some are unnecessary; that the rest gather into clusters and are interconnected in systems corresponding closely to the traditional schools of philosophy. The virtue of the root-metaphor method is that it puts metaphysics on a purely factual basis and pushes philosophical issues back to the interpretation of evidence.
This book was written primarily as a contribution to the field, but its plan excellently suits it for use as a text in courses in metaphysics, types of philosophical theory, or present tendencies in philosophy.
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Evidence and Corroboration
Examples of Inadequacies in World
A General View of the Hypotheses
Mechanistic Theory of Truth
Derivation of the Contextualistic Categories
Strands and Context of Texture
References of Strands
Operational Theory of Truth
Amalgamation of the Immanent and the Tran scendent Categories of Formism
Truth in Formism
The Transition to Mechanism
The Mechanistic Root Metaphor
The Mechanistic Categories
The Categories of Organicism
Application of the Categories
Time and Truth
SUMMARY CRITICISMS AND ANSWERS
Review and Conclusions
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accept actually adequate appear attitude authority basic become belief body called certainty character claims cognitive cognitive value common sense completely concept consists contradictions course criteria criterion criticism danda definition deny described detail determinate dogmatic dogmatist doubt empirical equally event evidence existence experience fact feeling field follows formism give given grounds highly hypothesis ideal indubitable infallible instance integration interpretations intuition judgment knowledge laws logical material matter means mechanism mechanistic method mystic nature never objects observations organism particular physical pointer position positivist possible practical precisely present principle probably qualities question readings reason reference refined regarded relations relatively reliable result root metaphor scope seems self-evidence simply sort strands structural corroboration suggested temperature texture things tion tomato true truth turn types ultimate utter skeptic whole world hypotheses world theories