Archaeoastronomy in the Old World
This volume summarises the proceedings of a conference which took place at the University of Oxford in September 1981. Held under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union and the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science, the meeting reviewed research in Old World Archaeoastronomy. The publisher received the final typescript for production in March 1982. The papers in this book are concerned with shedding light on a controversial aspect of European prehistory, especially that of north-west Europe: was astronomy practised here in the late Neolithic and bronze ages, and if so, what was its purpose? These questions are of obvious interest to prehistorians, but fresh interest in them has been stimulated largely by those whose professional background is in the pure and applied sciences, while they raise technical issues which have aroused the interest of statisticians and astronomers.
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AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL VIEW
J N G Ritchie
ASPECTS OF THE ARCHAEOASTRONOMY OF STONEHENGE
PI IN THE SKY
R P Norris P N Appleton and R W
R and G H Ponting
ASTRONOMICAL ORIENTATION OF NEOLITHIC SITES
accurate analysis Archaeoastronomy archaeologists astronomical alignments astronomical orientations astronomical significance Atkinson axis azimuth backsight Barbrook British Archaeological Reports burial Burl cairn calculated Callanish Carrowmore centre chambered tombs Clava Clava Cairns considered Cork-Kerry criteria declinations distribution entrance equinox evidence example excavation favourable foresight Freeman geometric Heggie henge Hill histogram horizon indicated interpretation Isles Kintraw Level London lunar bands lunar lines Lunar Standstill MacKie major standstill measured megalithic astronomy Megalithic Lunar Observatories megalithic sites megalithic yard menhir method monuments moon mound Neolithic Newgrange observations outliers Oxford paper Patrick period Ponting position possible precision prehistoric probability problem reassessment recumbent stone circles Ring of Brodgar rings Ritchie Ruggles sarsen Scotland selection shape shows sightlines sites in Britain solar solstice solstitial standing stones standstill statistical Stenness stone alignments Stonehenge structures suggested sunrise sunset survey Thom Thorn & Thorn Tursa values Whittle