Isms & Ologies: All the Movements, Ideologies & Doctrines that Have Shaped Our World

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Vintage Books, 2007 - Reference - 388 pages
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Have you ever wondered about the difference between Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism and which influenced the other? Do you know where Post-modernism stops and Post-structuralism begins? Would you like to? From Platonism to New Historicism, humankind is constantly coming up with fresh schools of thought to help explain (or at least describe) the mysterious world around us. Here is the ultimate guide to over 450 of the most significant intellectual terms, movements, and religions that help shape the society we live in. Simply, concisely, and with personality, ‘Isms and ‘Ologies clarifies buzz terms like jihad, often defined as “holy war” but which literally means “striving” ;and illustrates the differences between Conservatism, Paleoconservatism, and Neoconservatism. It explains String Theory (which attempts to unify Quantum Mechanics and Einsteinian Relativity); describes Fauvism (an artistic movement that paved the way for Expressionism and Cubism); defines Locofocoism (an American political ideology named after a “self-lighting cigar)”; and identifies and explores so much more. Helpfully divided into categories–including politics, history, philosophy and the arts, economics, religion, science, and medicine–cross referenced, and thoroughly indexed, ‘Isms and ‘Ologies is a must have for the budding intellectual in everyone.
 

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Contents

Abolitionism
3
Chromoluminarism 79
12
Principle of Indeterminacy 166
19
Gradgrindism 333
24
Minarchism
42
Textualism
60
Abstract Expressionism
73
Creationism 214
81
Dispensationalism
216
Gaiaism 158
229
Hasidism
231
Jihadism
244
Millennialism
258
Monotheism
261
Pecksmiſſian 340
274
Sabbatarianism
292

Minimalism
102
Protestantism 277
121
Theism 307
169
Deism 215
177
Greshams Law
180
Monophysitism 261
189
Afrocentrism 4
197
Atomism 75
203
Christian Identity
209
Taoism
306
Theosophy
307
Game Theory 178
331
Uriah Heep
344
Index
347
Taylorism 193
384
Zero Sum 194
388
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About the author (2007)

Arthur Goldwag, a freelance writer and editor for more than twenty years, has worked at Book-ofthe-Month Club, where he created Traditions, a club devoted to Jewish interests, as well as at Random House and The New York Review of Books.Michael Lewis is the author of several bestselling books, including Liar's Poker (#1 New York Times national bestseller in both hardcover and paperback), based in part on his own experience working as an investment banker for Salomon Brothers.

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