Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines

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B. Koletzko, B. Poindexter, R. Uauy
Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, Apr 15, 2014 - Medical - 326 pages
Improved conditions of care for premature infants have led to markedly increased survival rates over the last few decades, particularly in very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Nutritional measures play a central role in the long-term outcome, health and quality of life of these premature infants. In this publication, leading experts from all 5 continents present the most recent evidence and critical analyses of nutrient requirements and the practice of nutritional care (with the focus on very low birth weight infants) to provide guidance for clinical application. After the introductory chapters, covering nutritional needs and research evidence in a more general manner, topics such as amino acids and proteins, lipids, microminerals and vitamins, parenteral and enteral nutrition as well as approaches to various disease conditions are addressed. Due to its focus on critical appraisals and recommendations, this book is of interest not only for the researcher who wants to keep up to date, but also for the clinician faced with premature infants in his practice.

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List of Contributors
Defining the Nutritional Needs of Preterm Infants
Nutrition Growth and Clinical Outcomes
Assessing the Evidence from Neonatal Nutrition Research
Amino Acids and Proteins
Energy Requirements ProteinEnergy Metabolism and Balance and Carbohydrates in Preterm Infants
Preterm Nutrition and the Brain
Practice of Enteral Nutrition in Very Low Birth Weight and Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants
Human Milk and Human Milk Fortifiers
Approaches to Growth Faltering
Preterm Nutrition and the Lung
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Feeding the Preterm Infant after Discharge
Meeting the Challenge of Providing Neonatal Nutritional Care to Very or Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants in LowResource Settings

Enteral and Parenteral Lipid Requirements of Preterm Infants
Water Sodium Potassium and Chloride
Calcium Phosphorus Magnesium and Vitamin D Requirements of the Preterm Infant
Vitamins Conventional Uses and New Insights
Probiotics and Prebiotics
Practice of Parenteral Nutrition in VLBW and ELBW Infants
Recommended Nutrient Intake Levels for Stable Fully Enterally Fed Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Author Index
Subject Index

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