American Africans in Ghana: Black Expatriates and the Civil Rights Era
In 1957 Ghana became one of the first sub-Saharan African nations to gain independence from colonial rule. Over the next decade, hundreds of African Americans--including Martin Luther King Jr., George Padmore, Malcolm X, Maya Angelou, Richard Wright, Paul
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Kevin Gaines explores the connection between African-Americans, Pan-Africanism and African Liberation. He uses Ghana as a crossroads because it was the first sub-saharan country to achieve ... Read full review
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Accra activists Afri African affairs African American African American expatriates African descent African freedom African nations Afro-American American Negro anticolonial Bill Sutherland black American Black Power black radicals C. L. R. James citizenship civil rights Clair Drake Cold Cold War colonial communist conference conﬂict Congo coup criticism deﬁned diaspora difﬁculties Drake Papers exile ﬁeld ﬁlm ﬁrst folder Frazier Freedomways George Padmore Ghanaian Ghanaian government global Gold Coast government’s Graham Du Bois Harlem inﬂuence intellectuals John Henrik Clarke Julian Mayﬁeld King King’s Kwame Nkrumah Lamming leaders leftist Lumumba Malcolm Malcolm X Mayﬁeld Papers ment ministers modernity movement Muhammed Murray’s nationalist Nkru Nkrumah’s Ghana O’Brien organized Padmore’s pan-African Pauli Murray People’s political racial racism reﬂected Richard Wright Shirley Graham signiﬁcance solidarity South struggle tion U.S. embassy U.S. foreign U.S. government U.S. ofﬁcials United unity University Press W. E. B. Du Bois West Indian Western Williams Windom York
Page 1 - It is the responsibility of the Negro intellectual to provide a positive identification through history, literature, art, music and the drama. The truth of the matter is that for most Negro intellectuals, the integration of the Negro means just the opposite, the emptying of his life of meaningful content and ridding him of all Negro identification.