The environment as hazard
Oxford University Press, Jan 5, 1978 - History - 240 pages
The disastrous effects of natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes are often called Acts of God.' Challenging that view, the long-awaited second edition of this now classic work depicts natural hazards as extreme events in nature that are made even more dangerous by the acts or the neglect of people. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the toll on society resulting from such environmental episodes has changed significantly in several ways\m-\while fatalities from major events have decreased, the number of reported events causing 100 or more deaths, as well as the extent of property damage, has risen steadily. Providing a framework for examining what accounts for these overall trends, THE ENVIRONMENT AS HAZARD offers an understanding of how people around the world deal with fluctuations in the local natural systems of air, water, and terrain.
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ls the Environment Becoming
Tropical Storm Agnes 1972
Characteristic Appraisals and Maintenance and Change I 146
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absorptive capacity action adaptations adjustments adopted agencies agricultural air pollution alternatives appraisal areas Australia average Bangladesh behavior Bill Bauer Burton capita cassava catastrophe choice coastal coping cost crop damage dams developing countries disaster relief drought earthquake economic effects effort environment environmental estimated evacuation expected experience extreme events farmers Figure ﬂood ﬂoodplains ﬂow forecasting frequency Gilbert F global greater groups hazard event human hurricane impact income increase individual industrial intensive justments Labour Brigade land Liu Ling loss magnitude maize major Managua measures ment million natural events natural hazards occur pattern percent plant population possible potential prevent protection range reduce reﬂects response risk River scale social society Sri Lanka studies Tanzania threshold tion tornadoes trends Tristan da Cunha tropical cyclone Tropical Storm Agnes United United Kingdom urban vulnerable warning systems zone