The Jewish Life Cycle: Rites of Passage from Biblical to Modern Times
In this original and sweeping review of Jewish culture and history, Ivan G. Marcus examines how and why various rites and customs celebrating stages in the life cycle have evolved through the ages and persisted to this day. For each phase of life--from childhood, adolescence, adulthood, to the advanced years--the book traces the origin and development of specific rites associated with the events of birth, circumcision, and schooling; bar and bat mitzvah and confirmation; engagement, betrothal, and marriage; and aging, dying, and remembering. Customs in Jewish tradition such as the presence of godparents at a circumcision, the use of a four-poled canopy at a wedding, and the placing of small stones on tombstones are discussed. In each chapter, detailed descriptions walk the reader through events such as early modern and contemporary circumcision, wedding, and funeral ceremonies. In a comparative framework, Marcus illustrates how Jewish culture has negotiated with the majority cultures of the ancient Near East, Greco-Roman antiquity, medieval European Christianity and Mediterranean Islam and with modern secular and religious movements and social trends to renew itself through ritual innovation. In his extensive research on the Jewish life cycle, Marcus draws on documents on various customs and ritual practices, offering reassessments of original sources and scholarly literature. Marcus's survey is the first comprehensive study of the rites of the Jewish life cycle since Hayyim Schauss's The Lifetime of the Jew was published in 1950, written for Jewish readers. Marcus's book addresses a broader audience and is designed to appeal to scholars and interested readers.
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Birth Bris Schooling
Bar Mitzvah Bat Mitzvah Confirmation
Engagement Betrothal Marriage
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The Jewish Life Cycle: rites of passage from biblical to modern times
Ivan G. Marcus
Limited preview - 2013
Abraham age thirteen aliyah ancient Arba'ah Turim Ashkenazic baby Berakhot betrothal biblical birth birthday bride and groom brit burial cakes called canopy celebration century child Christian circumcision culture custom daughter dead death early modern example father feast festive funeral Gaon Germany girl Hayyim Hebrew Bible huppah Ibid Israel Israelites Isserles Jacob ben Moses Jerusalem Jewish communities Jewish life cycle Jewish wedding Jews Joseph Karo Judah Judaism Kaddish ketubbah Ketubbot late Leon Modena liturgical living Lord Maharil Mahzor Vitry male Marcus marriage married martyrs meal means memory mentioned Midrash Mishnah Mo'ed Qatan mohel mother mourners mourning Muslim Orthodox Palestine parents practice prayer Qiddushin Rabbeinu Tam Rabbi Jacob recited refers religious remembering rite of passage ritual Sabbath says Schauss Sefer seven days Shabbat Shavuot shiva Shulhan Arukh synagogue Ta-Shema tallit Talmud tefillin Torah traditional Jewish woman women Yahrzeit Yizkor