The Politics of Antipolitics: The Military in Latin America

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Brian Loveman, Thomas M. Davies, William H. Beezley
Rowman & Littlefield, 1997 - History - 426 pages
Latin America is moving toward democracy. The region's countries hold elections, choose leaders, and form new governments. But is the civilian government firmly in power? Or is the military still influencing policy and holding the elected politicians in check under the guise of guarding against corruption, instability, economic uncertainty, and other excesses of democracy? The editors of this work, Brian Loveman and Thomas M. Davies, Jr., argue that with or without direct military rule, antipolitics persists as a foundation of Latin American politics. This study examines the origins of antipolitics, traces its nineteenth- and twentieth-century history, and focuses on the years from 1965 to 1995 to emphasize the somewhat illusory transitions to democracy. This third edition of The Politics of Antipolitics has been revised and updated to focus on the post-Cold War era. With the demise of the Soviet state and international Marxism, the Latin American military has appropriated new threats including narcoterrorism, environmental exploitation, technology transfer, and even AIDS to redefine and relegitimate its role in social, economic, and political policy. The editors also address why and how the military rulers acceded to the return of civilian-elected governments and the military's defense against accusations of human rights abuses.
 

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Contents

The Politics of Antipolitics
3
Instability Violence and the Age of the Caudillos
15
The Latin American NationState and the Creation of Professional Military Establishments
29
An Overview of the European Military Missions in Latin America
32
Origins of the New Professionalism of the Brazilian Military
41
The Army and Politics in El Salvador 18401927
52
The Military and Latin American Politics 19191945
57
The Military and Argentine Politics
61
Speech by President Joāo Figueiredo to the Brazilian Nation on the Sixteenth Anniversary of the Revolution 1980
177
CHILE The Reasons of the Junta 1973
181
Chile Should Not Fall into the Vices of the Past Speech by General Augusto Pinochet 1983
183
PERU Manifesto of the Revolutionary Government of Peru 1968
186
Speech by Juan Velasco Alvarado 1969
188
Speech by Francisco Morales Bermúdez 1976
195
EL SALVADOR Speech by Colonel Arturo Armando Molina on the Occasion of the Day of the Salvadoran Soldier 1977
200
Proclamation of the Armed Forces of the Republic of El Salvador 1979
203

The Military and Brazilian Politics to World War II
75
The Military in Chilean Politics 192432
83
The Military in Peruvian Politics 191945
92
The Military and Politics in El Salvador 192745
102
The Guatemalan Military and the Revolution of 1944
118
The United States and the Latin American Military
129
Guerrilla Warfare in Underdeveloped Areas
133
PostVietnam Counterinsurgency Doctrine
140
The US Southern Command A Strategy for the Future
147
The Military Speaks for Itself
157
ARGENTINA The Armed Forces Decision to Assume the Direction of the State 1976
158
A Time for Fundamental Reorganization of the Nation 1976 Speech by General Jorge Rafael Videla
160
The Fundamental Concepts 1983
163
BRAZIL Speech by Humberto Castello Branco 1967
171
Speech by President Ernesto Giesel before the Brazilian Cabinet 1974
175
GUATEMALA Speech by Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio 1974
207
Speech by General José Efraín Ríos Montt 1982
212
Speech by General Oscar Humberto Mejía Victores 1986
215
Policies and Consequences of Military Rule
219
Military Government and State Terrorism in Argentina
228
The Post1964 Military Republic in Brazil
239
Antipolitics in Chile 197394
268
Antipolitics in Peru
300
Antipolitics in El Salvador 19481994
327
Military Rule in Guatemala
350
The Persistence of Antipolitics
365
Protected Democracies Antipolitics and Political Transitions in Latin America 19781994
366
Human Rights Antipolitics and Protecting the Patria An Almost Military Perspective
398
Acknowledgments
425
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