Informal Logical Fallacies: A Brief Guide
Critical thinking is now needed more than ever. This accessible and engaging book provides the necessary tools to question and challenge the discourse that surrounds us —- whether in the media, the classroom, or everyday conversation. Additionally, it offers readers a deeper understanding of the foundations of analytical thought. Informal Logical Fallacies: A Brief Guide is a systematic and concise introduction to more than forty fallacies, from anthropomorphism and argumentum ad baculum, to reductionism and the slippery slope argument. With helpful definitions, relevant examples, and thought-provoking exercises, the author guides the reader through the realms of fallacious reasoning and deceptive rhetoric. This is an essential guide to philosophical reflection and clear thinking.
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appeal to consequences appeal to pity argu arguer ARGUMENTUM AD HOMINEM argumentum ad ignorantiam Argumentum ad populum assumes behavior beliefs built-in assumptions causal event causal fallacies causally related claim conclusion conditional statement Consider these examples constructive dilemma correct creating good arguments critical thinking deﬁned descriptive statement disjunctive syllogism dismiss evidence fact fallacies committed fallacies involve fallacies of omission fallacy occurs fallacy of bifurcation fallacy of division fallacy of projection fallacy or fallacies false cause false dilemma ﬁnal examples ﬁnd ﬁve gambler’s fallacy genetic fallacy hypothetical syllogism inﬂuenced informal logical fallacies Latin listen Marx mean ment modus ponens modus tollens necessarily one’s options person Philosophical political premises are true Professor provide solid question reasoning simply slippery slope fallacy solved the crime someone speciﬁcally straw argument studying informal logical subjectivist fallacy symbolic form tion truth unconscious desires unethical vague valid argument forms word or phrase wrong