The Petite Bourgeoisie in Europe 1780-1914: Enterprise, Family and Independence
Crossick and Haupt provide a major overview of the social, economic, cultural and political development of the petite bourgeoisie in modern Europe, a group until now largely neglected by European social historians.
Through comparative analysis the authors examine issues such as the centrality of small enterprise to industrial change, the importance of family and locality to the petit-bourgeois world, the search for stability and status and the associated political move to the right.
Crossick and Haupt have written an invaluable and authoritative assessment of the emergence of a distinctive petit-bourgeois cultural and political identity. It will be of interest to both undergraduate students and academic historians.
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THE TRANSITION FROM CORPORATIONS
SURVIVAL OR DECLINE?
A WORLD IN MOVEMENT
IMAGES AND NECESSITIES
THE PETITE BOURGEOISIE AND THE TOWN
THE MOVE TO THE RIGHT
PETITS BOURGEOIS AND WORKERS
CULTURE AND SOCIABILITY
INTO THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
amongst apprentices artisans and shopkeepers associations bakers Belgium bourgeois Bremen Britain butchers capital cent centre classes moyennes co-operative corporate corporatism corporatist craft Crossick culture decline defence early economic eighteenth-century elite employees Europe European fascism France French Germany grocers guilds Handwerk Haupt History household identity ideology increasingly independent industrial industrialisation Jahrbundert journeymen July Monarchy labour larger late nineteenth-century later nineteenth Ligue London Lyon master artisans masters and journeymen merchants Mittelstand mobility moral movement municipal neighbourhood nineteenth century NSDAP occupational organisations owners of small Paris Party petit-bourgeois politics petite bourgeoisie popular production radical reform relations retailers role rural Saint-Etienne sectors servants shoemakers shopkeepers and master shops small business small enterprise small masters small shopkeepers small-scale Social Catholics social group socialist society structure town town's traditional University of Lyon University of Paris urban white-collar Wiirttemberg workers working-class workshop world of small XIXe siecle