Aristotle's Politics: A Treatise on Government

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G. Routledge, 1895 - Political science - 284 pages
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Page 233 - Whether we are right or wrong in laying down this limit we will inquire more precisely hereafter, when we have occasion to consider what is the right use of property and wealth: a matter which is much disputed, because men are inclined to...
Page 44 - ... is not impracticable, and particularly in those which are best governed; some things are by this means in a manner common, and others might be so; for there, every person enjoying his own private property, some things he assists his friend with, others are considered as in common; as in Lacedaemon...
Page 268 - ... upon education — for music makes this plain. Moreover, it is necessary to instruct children in what is useful, not only on account of its being useful in itself, as, for instance, to learn to read, but also as the means of acquiring other different sorts of instruction: thus they should be instructed in painting, not only to prevent their being mistaken in purchasing pictures, or in buying or selling of vases, but rather as it makes 13386 them judges of the beauties of the human form; for to...
Page 124 - But a democracy is a state where the freemen and the poor, being the majority, are invested with the power of the state; and an oligarchy is a state where the rich and those of noble family, being few, possess it.
Page 12 - ... desire must be best; but a government complete in itself, is that final cause and what is best. Hence it is evident that a city is a natural production, and that man is naturally a political animal, and that whosoever is naturally and not accidentally unfit for society, must be either inferior or superior to man : thus the man in Homer, who is reviled for being "without society, without law, without family.
Page 12 - Such a one must naturally be of a quarrelsome disposition, and as solitary as the birds. The gift of speech also evidently proves that man is a more social animal than the bees, or any of the herding cattle: for nature, as we say, does nothing in vain, and man is the only animal who enjoys it. Voice indeed, as being the token of pleasure and pain, is imparted to others also, and thus much their nature is capable of, to perceive pleasure and pain, and to impart these sensations to others; but it is...
Page 88 - The form of government is the ordering and regulating of the city, and all the offices in it, particularly those wherein the supreme power is lodged, and this power is always possessed by the administration; but the administration itself is that particular form of government which is established in any State. Thus in a democracy the supreme power is lodged in the whole people; on the contrary, in an oligarchy it is in the hands of a few. We say, then, that the form of government in these States is...
Page 281 - An Illustrated Natural History. By the Rev. JG WOOD. With 500 Illustrations by WILLIAM HARVEY, and 8 full-page Plates by WOLF and HARRISON WEIR. Post 8vo, cloth, gilt edges, 6*.
Page 91 - We usually call a State which is governed by one person for the common good a kingdom; one that is governed by more than one, but by a few only, an aristocracy ; either because the government is in the hands of the most worthy citizens, or because it is the best form for the city and its inhabitants.
Page 120 - ... laws are something different from what regulates and expresses the form of the constitution; it is their office to direct the conduct of the magistrate in the execution of his office and the punishment of offenders. From whence it is evident, that the founders of laws should attend both to the number and the different sorts of government; for it is impossible that the same laws should be calculated for all sorts of oligarchies and all sorts of democracies, for of both these governments there...

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