Land and Power in Khorezm: Farmers, Communities, and the State in Uzbekistan's Decollectivisation
This is the first detailed "grass roots" account of Uzbekistan's protracted decollectivisation process. It explores continuity and the change in relations between rural communities, agricultural producers, and the local state authorities in the cotton-growing region of Khorezm. Built up during the Soviet period, the cotton sector has maintained its importance for the state and for rural communities in the years following independence, although economic parameters and social conditions have worsened significantly. Uzbekistan's agricultural reform path does not follow that of most post-socialist scenarios and continuity with the past remains strong. Despite seeming immobility, the local view on rural society presented in this book unveils an unexpectedly dynamic situation, characterized by shifts in patronage relations, struggles over legitimacy, and transformations in family structure and community life. Poised between the state, their communities, and an emerging stratum of absentee farm "sponsors," the focus is on the new farmers ("fermer") and their struggles for a place in rural society. What emerges from decollectivisation is a complexly articulated new agrarian concern: its new inequalities are rooted in the political economy of cotton. (Series: Halle Studies in the Anthropology of Eurasia - Vol. 23)
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According agrarian archive areas Bo’ston Bog’olon Bozorboy brigades Bukhara buva cash cent Central Asia collective farms command hierarchy cotton ginnery cotton production cotton scandal crops decollectivisation district authorities district hokim dynamics economic elites extended family Fermer and Dehqon fermer enterprises fieldwork former kolkhoz gektarchis government’s growing harvest hectares hokim households ijara Ilkhamov inputs interviews irrigated Kandiyoti khanate of Khiva Khorezm Khorezmian kinship labour land measurer late socialist leases Madaniyat mahalla managed Maxmud Maxmud’s neighbouring official organisation past peasant people’s plots political population post-Soviet postsocialist privatisation profit pudrat rais raislar rayon reform relations rice role rural communities rural society Sazonova sector sel’soviet sharecropping shirkat Snesarev so’m social Soviet modernisation Soviet period Soviet Union sovkhoz target Tashkent tion to’y today’s tomorqa tonnes tractors traditional Urganch usufruct Uzbek Uzbek SSR Uzbekistan viloyat wheat workers Xalqobod Yangibozor district