Biological Resources and Migration

Front Cover
Dietrich Werner
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 17, 2013 - Science - 363 pages

Migration is a global and ubiquitous phenomenon. A large percentage of our cultivated land in industrialized as well as in developing countries are covered with migrated or introduced plants. But also in natural habitats and communities, migration of animals, plants and microorganisms plays a key role in the functioning or threat to the present ecosystems.

The special feature of this book is that all forms of migration - be it plant, microbial, animal or human - and their mutual impact are covered in detail. It is estimated that during the next twenty years more than one billion people will migrate from rural areas to urban districts worldwide, forced by deteriorating biological resources and with enormous consequences on the functioning of both ecosystems and such central economic areas such as trade, transport and tourism.

The contributions in this book are the result of an innovative International Conference and OECD Workshop aimed at triggering off the interdisciplinary dialogue between natural scientists and socioeconomists.

 

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Contents

The Rice Genepool and Human Migrations
1
Movement of Rice Germplasm Around the World 15
14
Potential for Gene Flow from Cultivated Wheat to Weedy Relatives
27
the Migration of Crested Wheatgrass
35
Biogeography Local Adaptation Vavilov and Genetic Diversity
46
Migration of a Grain Legume Phaseolus vulgaris in Europe
61
Forest History in Europe 73
72
Forest Biological Resources in the Amazon Basin
83
Migration of Aquatic Invertebrates 183
182
Migration of Fishery Resources in the Worlds Oceans
193
Migration of Marine Mammals 203
202
The Global Register of Migratory Species First Results of Global
211
Coupled Dynamics of Lemmings and LongDistance Migratory Birds
219
Israel an Intercontinental Highway for Migrating Birds
229
Gene Flow via Pollen Is Much
239
Nature
252

Migration of Knowledge Leads to Floristic Development in Myanmar
93
Tracking Parasitoids at the Farmland Field Scale Using Microsatellite
107
Interhemispheric Transport of Viable Fungi and Bacteria from Africa
126
Be a Virus See the World
135
Species Delineation and Biogeography of Symbiotic Bacteria Associated
142
Microspatial Distribution of Bacteria in the Rhizosphere
157
Colonization of Some Polish Soils by Azotobacter spp at the Beginning
161
Indigenous Strains of Rhizobia and Their Performance in Specific
173
Agronomical Practices Maximizing Water Use
263
Soil Degradation and Land Use
273
Measuring the Effects of Urban
281
Population Shifts and Migration in the Sahel and SubSudan Zone
297
Desertification and Human Migration
317
Airborne Migration of Obligate Nomads Demonstrates Gene Flow
339
Discussion Sessions
353
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