Psychology: An Introduction
This best-selling, reader-friendly introduction to psychology as a science provides engaging coverage of traditional topics -- giving readers a firm grasp of the scope, vocabulary, and concepts of psychology. It treats psychology as a diverse discipline -- the way psychologists perceive it -- combining a concern for research, theory, gender, and cross-cultural issues with examples that are both familiar and applicable to readers. Provides full coverage of the core topics in psychology: biological basis of behavi sensation and perception; consciousness; learning; memory; cognition and langua intelligence and mental abilities; life span development; motivation and emotion; personality; stress and health psychology; psychological disorders; therapies; social psychology. Contains a full chapter on Culture and Diversity and integrates the themes of diversity (e.g., gender, ethnic origin, sexual orientation) throughout. Provides an Industrial/Organizational Psychology appendix that covers topics such as personnel selection, training, performance appraisal, leadership and motivation as well as human factors, cross-cultural issues, and human resource development. For anyone wanting a solid introduction to psychology and its contemporary applications.
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An Introduction 1 The Science of Psychology
Biology and Behavior
PART TWO Psychology and Development 3 Childhood
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ability adult aggression amnesia anxiety approach/avoidance conflict attitudes autonomic nervous system basic behavior body brain called Cannon-Bard theory cause cells CHAPTER OUTLINE characteristic characterized chromosomes classical conditioning cognitive development cognitive dissonance color correlation creativity disorders effects emotion environment example experience explain factors feelings frequency Freud functions genetic gland goal hebephrenic schizophrenia hormone hypothalamus Identify individual infant influence inhibition intelligence test James-Lange theory KEY TERMS kinesthesis known learning long-term memory measure messages method motive nervous system neuron objects operant conditioning organic perceive perception person phi phenomenon pituitary POST-TEST primary sex characteristics problem solving PROGRAMMED REVIEW psychology psychosis psychosurgery receptors reinforcement relationship response result retinal disparity retroactive inhibition rewarding salivate scale schizophrenia scores sensations sense sensory register sexual sleep social stage statement is true stimulus stress structure technique tend TERMS AND CONCEPTS therapist therapy token economy trait theory traits unconscious visual