MAHABALIPURAM became a world heritage site in 1984. This group of monuments (mostly sanctuaries), founded by the Pallava kings, is carved out of rock along the Coromandel coast in the 7th and 8th centuries. It is known especially for its rathas (temples in the form of chariots), mandapas (cave sanctuaries), giant open-air reliefs such as the famos "Descent of the Ganges," and the temple of Rivage, with thousands of sculptures to the glory of Shiva.
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abhaya mudra Adivaraha cave Anantashayi Arjuna ratha Arjuna's penance Atiranachanda Atyanta-kama back wall bas-relief beautiful Bhima ratha Brahma built carved cave temple celestial central sanctum centre chakra Chola cowherds creations deities demon depicted Dharmaraja ratha Draupadi Draupadi ratha Durga dvarapalas elephant excavated five rathas floor front mandapa Ganesha Ganesha ratha Ganga Kanchi Kanchipuram Krishna Govardhanadhari lotus Madras Mahabali Mahabalipuram Mahendra Mahishasura Mardini Mahishasura Mardini cave Mamalla Mamallapuram Mamallapuram monuments mandapa monolith Narasimha Oxford India Paperbacks Pallava Pallava Grantha Pancha Pandava panel Parameshvara Photo pillars portrayed Rajasimha Ramanuja Ramanuja mandapa ratha rectangular rock cut Sahadeva Sahadeva ratha Saluvankuppam Sanskrit sculptures Seashore temple seated lion seen shikhara Shiva temple Shore temple shrine side sixteenth century Somaskanda standing structural temples Subrahmanya Survey of India Tamil Nadu Tiger cave titles tower Trimurti Trivikrama Unfinished Vaishnava Varaha Varaha cave Varman Vayalur village Vishnu temple World Heritage