Town and Country in the Middle East: Iran and Egypt in the Transition to Globalization, 1800-1970

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Lexington Books, 2009 - History - 237 pages
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A systematic sociological study of town and country in the Middle East has long been overdue. In this book, Chaichian examines the process of dependent urbanization in Iran and Egypt related to each country's unique colonial history and dependence on a constantly changing global economy since the early nineteenth century. Using historical data, he argues that development of dependent economies has led to displacement of rural population and their migration to major urban centers such as Tehran in Iran, and Cairo and Alexandria in Egypt. However, divergent colonial interests such as extraction and production of oil in Iran and cultivation of cotton in Egypt for the world markets have created different patterns of rural-urban migration, urban hierarchies and employment structures particularly within the urban informal economy sector (petty commodity production). The findings of this study also indicate that by the mid-1970s Iran and Egypt were fully incorporated into the global economy, but in various degrees have since resisted the systemic demands of the new phase of globalization that requires open and fluid borders for utilization of labor, capital investment, and transfer of information. The 1979 revolution in Iran and persistent instability in Egypt, particularly in urban areas, are cited as signs of this resistance to the new phase of globalization.
 

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Contents

Urban Political Economy and the Search for a Theory of Dependent Urbanization
9
Iran and Egypt Comparing the Incomparable?
25
Dependent Urbanization in Iran
33
Town and Country in Precapitalist Iran 18001880s
35
Development of Commercial Capitalism and Dependent Urbanization in Iran 18801953
61
Dependent Urbanization in Iran From the Mosaddeq Era to the 1979 Revolution
77
Uneven Urban Development and HyperUrbanization in Iran The Case of Tehran
95
Dependent Urbanization in Egypt
117
British Colonialism and Dependent Urbanization in Egypt 18821952
133
Dependent Urbanization in PostRevolution Egypt 19521970
147
Uneven Urban Development The Case of Cairo
159
Divergent Paths of Dependent Urbanization in Iran and Egypt
177
Dependent Urbanization and Development in Iran and Egypt Comparing the Incomparable
179
Globalization the New World Order and Prospects for Iran and Egypt in the Region
201
References
211
About the Author
237

Urbanization in Precapitalist Egypt 17981882
119

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About the author (2009)

Mohammad A. Chaichian is a professor in the department of sociology at Mount Mercy College.

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