Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America
U of Nebraska Press, 1992 - History - 349 pages
"Few decisions in life should be more personal than the choice of a spouse or lover. Yet, throughout history, this intimate experience has been subjected to painstaking social and religious regulation in the form of legislation and restraining social mores." With that statement, Asuncion Lavrin begins her introduction to this collection of original essays, the first in English to explore sexuality and marriage in colonial Latin America. The nine contributors, including historians and anthropologists, examine various aspects of the male-female relationship and the mechanisms for controlling it developed by church and state after the European conquest of Mexico and Central and South America. Seldom has so much light been shed on the sexual behavior of the men and women who lived there from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. These chapters examine the variety of sexual expression in different periods and among persons of different social and economic status, the relations of the sexes as proscribed by church and state and the various forms of resistance to their constraints, the couple's own view of the bond that united them and of their social obligations in producing a family, and the dissolution of that bond. Topics infrequently explored in Latin American history but discussed her include premarital relations, illegitimacy, consensual unions, sexual witchcraft, spouse abuse, and divorce. Lavrin's opening survey of the forms of sexual relationships most discussed in ecclesiastical sources serves as a point of departure for the chapters that follow. The contributors are Serge Grunzinski, Ann Twinam, Kathy Waldron, Ruth Behar, Susan Socolow, Richard Boyer, Thomas Calvo, and Maria Beatriz Nizza da Silva. Asuncion Lavrin is a professor of history at Arizona State University at Tempe. Her 1995 book, Women, Feminism, and Social Change in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay, 1890-1940, won the Arthur P. Whitaker Prize from the Middle Atlantic Council on Latin American Studies."
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KATHY WALDRON List of Contributors 341
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accused adultery ahaom Antonio apba Archivo Audiencia authorities behavior birth bishop Buenos Aires canon canon law Caracas cedula Christian church colonial Mexico concubinage confession confessionals Cordoba Council of Trent couple court daughter divorce Documentos dona Maria ecclesiastical economic elite engaged espanol essay Expediente father female Francisco Guadalajara History honor husband illegitimacy illegitimate Indian Inquisicion Inquisition Jose Joseph Juan legitimate lived lover mala vida male Manuel marital marriage marriage dissent married Marti matrimony mestizo Mexican Inquisition Mexico City mistreatment moral Movellan mulatto Nacional Nueva offspring parents parish Partidas Pedro penitent percent Perez petitions Pragmdtica premarital priest private pregnancy promise racial reel relationships religious riage Sao Paulo Sergio Ortega sexual relations sexual witchcraft Siete Partidas slave social society Spain Spanish spouse suit tion union University Press versus virginity vols wife witchcraft wives woman women
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