Chinese in Chicago, 1870-1945
Chuimei Ho, Soo Lon Moy
Arcadia Publishing, 2005 - History - 128 pages
The first wave of Chinese immigrants came to Chicagoland in the 1870s, after the transcontinental railway connected the Pacific Coast to Chicago. In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act prevented working-class Chinese from entering the U.S., except men who could prove they were American citizens. For more than 60 years, many Chinese immigrants had acquired documents helping to prove that they were born in America or had a parent who was a citizen. The men who bore these false identities were called "paper sons." A second wave of Chinese immigrants arrived after the repeal of the Act in 1943, seeking economic opportunity and to be reunited with their families.
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American citizen American-born Chinese anti-Chinese back to China BENTON HARBOR building cafe CCBA CENTURY OF PROGRESS Cermak Road certificate Chan Charles K.S. Lee Chicago Chicago's Chinatown Chicago's Chinese Chinese Christian Union Chinese community Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Chinese culture Chinese Exclusion Act Chinese Freemason CHINESE IN CHICAGO Chinese language Chinese restaurants Chinese Six Companies Chinese-American Christian Union Church Clark Street Consolidated Benevolent Association decorated dressed early Chinese immigrants Ellen ethnic European-American front girls Guangdong hand laundry Hip Lung HUNG MON SOCIETY Illinois King Joy laborer laundrymen Leong Merchants live MANDARIN RESTAURANT MICHIGAN Midwest Moy Shee O.K. organizations parade parents photograph PROGRESS EXPOSITION Qing Dynasty Quong Yick RE-ENTRY APPLICATION re-entry permit residents returned to China Ruth Moy San Francisco Shee O.K. Association shown shrine sojourners surname Taishan Therese School Toy Gow traditional Chinese United VILLAGE Wentworth Avenue wives Wong's Family Association Wu Tingfang Yen Lo Restaurant young