Blindness and Reorientation: Problems in Plato's Republic
Are the just happier than the unjust? In Plato' s Republic, Thrasymachus argues that they aren't, that justice is simply the advantage of the stronger. Though Socrates apparently refutes him, Plato's brothers, Glaucon and Adeimantus, take up his argument anew, challenging Socrates to show them that justice really does better further happiness than injustice. The nature of this renewed challenge and the reason for it are hotly debated problems. Equally problematic is the question of whether Socrates succeeds in meeting the challenge in the crucial case of the philosopher-kings, whom he claims are happiest of all. Central to his attempt is a complex tripartite psychology and the yet more complex the metaphysics and epistemology of transcendent Platonic forms. But just how these are to be understood or how knowledge of such forms could help the philosopher-kings with the practical business of governing a city also remain deeply problematic issues. Beginning with a discussion of Socrates in the Apology, and his portrait by Alcibiades in the Symposium, and proceeding to topics more directly within the Republic itself, Blindness and Reorientation develops not just powerful new solutions to these problems, but a new understanding of Plato's conception of philosophy, its relationship to craft-knowledge, and the roles of dialectic and experience within it. Written in a clear and vivid style, C. D. C. Reeve's new book will be accessible to any committed reader of Plato.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
1 Human Wisdom
2 Alcibiades and the Socratic Craft of Love
3 Cephalus Odysseus and the Importance of Experience
4 Glaucons Thrasymachean Challenge
5 Souls SoulParts and Persons
6 From Beauty to Goodness
Adeimantus agalmata Agathon Alcibiades Apollo appetites argument Aristotle Athenian Athens become begetting in beauty believe beneﬁcial beneﬁt body Cambridge captain Cephalus claim Cleinias cognitive compulsion craft knowledge daimonic daimonion deﬁnition desire dialectic dialogue difﬁcult Diotima divine element elenctic ethical Euthydemus Euthyphro explain ﬁlled ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst principles forms Glaucon gods grasp Greek happiness Hence Hesiod honor honor—lover human identiﬁed immortal injustice isn’t justice Kallipolis laws lives look Lysias masses Meletus nature Odysseus offspring ofjustice one’s Oxford paradigm person Phaedo Phaedrus Phdr Philebus philosopher—kings philosophers Plato pleasure Polemarchus political possession practice praise pregnant question rational order rational soul reason reputation rule rulers sake seems shipowner signiﬁcant simile Socrates someone sort soul—parts soul’s spindle of Necessity spirit sufﬁciently Symposium things Thrasymachean Thrasymachus Timaeus tion true truth turn understanding unhypothetical uniﬁed University Press unjust virtue wisdom wise