Colonizing Leprosy: Imperialism and the Politics of Public Health in the United States
By comparing institutions in Hawai'i and Louisiana designed to incarcerate individuals with a highly stigmatized disease, Colonizing Leprosy provides an innovative study of the complex relationship between U.S. imperialism and public health policy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Focusing on the Kalaupapa Settlement in Moloka'i and the U.S. National Leprosarium in Carville, Michelle Moran shows not only how public health policy emerged as a tool of empire in America's colonies, but also how imperial ideologies and racial attitudes shaped practices at home.
Although medical personnel at both sites considered leprosy a colonial disease requiring strict isolation, Moran demonstrates that they adapted regulations developed at one site for use at the other by changing rules to conform to ideas of how "natives" and "Americans" should be treated. By analyzing administrators' decisions, physicians' treatments, and patients' protests, Moran examines the roles that gender, race, ethnicity, and sexuality played in shaping both public opinion and health policy. Colonizing Leprosy makes an important contribution to an understanding of how imperial imperatives, public health practices, and patient activism informed debates over the constitution and health of American bodies.
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Protecting the National Body
Creating a Colonial Disease
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administrators African American American argued authority bill board members Board of Control Board of Health Board of Hospitals Carville Correspondence Carville's challenge colonial Cong Congressional Record contagious cure Damien Daughters of Charity debates doctors drug efforts established Euroamerican facility Father Damien federal government federal leprosarium Folder funding Hale Mohalu Hansen's disease Hawaiian Islands Health and National Honolulu Hospitals and Settlement Iberville Parish Ibid imperial isolated Judd Collection Kalalau Valley Kalaupapa residents Kalaupapa settlement Kalihi Kluegel Ko'olau kökuas Lawrence Judd leprosy institutions leprosy patients leprosy policy LHBC lives Louisiana Leper Home mainland members of Congress ment Moloka'i Moloka'i settlement MWPA National Quarantine native Hawaiians patient activists physicians Pinkham political population public health officials Public Health Service racial regulations religious Report segregation settlement residents Sister Beatrice Sister Benedicta social sought Star stigma territorial officials Territory of Hawaii tients tion treat treatment U.S. Public Health United Wallach