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administration agreed agreement American Article bankers Belgian Boxer Britain British and Chinese British and Foreign capital Chapter China Year Book Chinese Eastern Railway Chinese Gov Chinese Government churia commercial concluded connection construction contract control in China control provisions cooperation Corporation Count Okuma Deutsch-Asiatische Bank diplomacy East Eastern Review economic Empire England ernment foreign control foreign powers Foreign State Papers France French German groups Hongkong and Shanghai Hukuang important indemnity industrial integrity of China Kent Kiaochau lease Liaotung peninsula Manchuria Maritime Customs ment Minister Mongolia nations negotiations official open door Peking Peking-Hankow political Port Arthur principal privileges provinces railroad railway concessions railway loan relations revenues Rockhill Russia Salt secured Shanghai Shanghai Bank Shantung Sinyang South Manchuria South Manchurian Railway sovereign rights sphere of interest syndicate taels territory Tientsin Tientsin-Pukow tion trade treaty Treaty of Tientsin treaty ports United Yangtsze Yunnan
Page 194 - The Governments of the United States and Japan recognize that territorial propinquity creates special relations between countries, and, consequently, the Government of the United States recognizes that Japan has special interests in China, particularly in the part to which her possessions are contiguous.
Page 202 - The policy of both governments, uninfluenced by any aggressive tendencies, is directed to the maintenance of the existing status quo in the region above mentioned and to the defense of the principle of equal opportunity for commerce and industry in China.
Page 148 - It is a matter of joint and permanent international interest that the ports on the rivers and littoral of China should remain free and open to trade and to every other legitimate form of economic activity for the nationals of all countries without distinction; and the two Governments agree on their part to uphold the same for all Chinese territory as far as they can exercise influence.
Page 201 - the policy of the Government of the United States is to seek a solution which may bring about permanent safety and peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial and administrative entity, protect all rights guaranteed to friendly Powers by treaty and international law, and safeguard for the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese Empire," He was successful in obtaining the assent of the other Powers to the policy thus announced.
Page 213 - The conditions of the loan seem to us to touch very nearly the administrative independence of China itself; and this administration does not feel that it ought even by implication to be a party to those conditions.
Page 213 - The conditions include not only the pledging of particular taxes, some of them antiquated and burdensome, to secure the loan but also the administration of those taxes by foreign agents. The responsibility on the part of our Government implied in the encouragement of a loan thus secured and administered is plain enough and is obnoxious to the principles upon which the Government of our people rests.
Page 199 - free ports '), no matter to what nationality it may belong, and that duties so leviable shall be collected by the Chinese Government. " Third : That it will levy no higher harbor dues on vessels of another nationality frequenting any port in such
Page 194 - Door' or equal opportunity for commerce and industry in China. Moreover, they mutually declare that they are opposed to the acquisition by any Government of any special rights or privileges that would affect the independence or territorial integrity of China or that would deny to the subjects or citizens of any country the full enjoyment of equal opportunity in the commerce and industry of China.
Page 142 - German nationals might mine coal within 30 li (10 miles) of the railways; and, finally, 8) the Chinese Government binds itself in all cases where foreign assistance, in persons, capital or material, may be needed for any purpose whatever within the Province of Shantung, to offer the said work or supplying of materials in the first instance to German manufacturers and merchants engaged in undertakings of the kind in question.20 RUSSIA LEASES PORT ARTHUR Germany's descent upon Kiaochow necessitated...