Germany and the Holy Roman Empire: Volume I: Maximilian I to the Peace of Westphalia, 1493-1648
Germany and the Holy Roman Empire offers a new interpretation of the development of German-speaking central Europe and the Holy Roman Empire or German Reich, from the great reforms of 1495-1500 to its dissolution in 1806 after the turmoil of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Going against the notion that this was a long period of decline, Joachim Whaley shows how imperial institutions developed in response to the crises of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, notably the Reformation and Thirty Years War, and assesses the impact of international developments on the Reich. Central themes are the tension between Habsburg aspirations to create a German monarchy and the desire of the German princes and cities to maintain their traditional rights, and how the Reich developed the functions of a state during this period. The first single-author account of German history from the Reformation to the early nineteenth century since Hajo Holborn's study written in the 1950s, it also illuminates the development of the German territories subordinate to the Reich. Whaley explores the implications of the Reformation and subsequent religious reform movements, both Protestant and Catholic, and the Enlightenment for the government of both secular and ecclesiastical principalities, the minor territories of counts and knights and the cities. The Reich and the territories formed a coherent and workable system and, as a polity, the Reich developed its own distinctive political culture and traditions of German patriotism over the early modern period. Whaley explains the development of the Holy Roman Empire as an early modern polity and illuminates the evolution of the several hundred German territories within it. He gives a rich account of topics such as the Reformation, the Thirty Years War, Pietism and baroque Catholicism, the Aufklärung or German Enlightenment and the impact on the Empire and its territories of the French Revolution and Napoleon. It includes consideration of language, cultural aspects and religious and intellectual movements. Germany and the Holy Roman Empire engages with all the major debates among both German and English-speaking historians about early modern German history over the last sixty years and offers a striking new interpretation of this important period. Volume I extends from the late fifteenth century through to the Thirty Years War.
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Albrecht Alsace areas Augsburg Austrian authority Bavaria became bishops Blickle Bohemia Brandenburg Calvinist Catholic Charles Charles’s Christian Christian of Anhalt Church Cologne confessional conflict council court crisis crown decades developed Duke dynasty early modern ecclesiastical Edict of Worms election Elector of Saxony emperor established evangelical fact Ferdinand fifteenth forces formally France French Friedrich German Estates German princes Geschichte Habsburg Holy Roman Empire humanist Hungary Imperial Cities increasingly issues Johann King Kreise lands Luther Lutheran Mainz major Matthias Maximilian military movement negotiations Netherlands nobility nobles Nuremberg Palatinate papacy peace Peace of Augsburg peasants political pope Prague Protestant Rabe reform regional Reich Reichshofrat Reichskammergericht Reichsreform Reichstag religious remained role Roman Rudolf rulers Schindling and Ziegler Schmalkaldic League Schmidt secular significant sixteenth century Spanish Strassburg Swabian League Swiss taxes Territorien territories Thirty Years War threat towns traditional Treaty troops Turks Upper urban Wolgast Württemberg Zwingli