Denmark-Greenland in the Twentieth Century

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Museum Tusculanum Press, Jul 1, 2009 - Decentralization in government - 202 pages
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This book traces Danish-Greenlandic relations over 100 years and is the first publication to cover the period 1900-2000. The main trend is the development from a colonial situation in 1900 with a state owned company running nearly all business to an open economy with steadily growing self-government for Greenland short of full independence. The Danish policy can be described as benevolent, but financially the budget was tight until after the second World War, the philosophy being that Denmark should neither lose nor gain. After the war there was heavy investment to bring Greenland nearer to standards of living comparable to Denmark and substantial subsidies were given make that happen. The Greenlanders attitude towards Denmark developed along lines familiar from other examples of decolonisation. The first phase of accepting the coloniser was long over, now seeking equality with the coloniser was the main aim in their endeavours. From 1911 two provincial councils voiced the Greenlanders views and their political influence steadily grew. In 1953 Greenland got representation in the Danish parliament. The third phase of doing without the coloniser began in the early 1970s when Greenlanders sought home rule status, obtained in 1979. In the following twenty years the Home Rule Authority gradually took over nearly all lawmaking and administration and from 2004 a committee has explored ways of giving Greenland a more independent voice in foreign affairs. In 2003 the ultimate goal was declared to be full independence.
 

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Contents

Preface
9
Kayaks carried over the ice
13
Nuuk 1910
14
Changes in traditional Greenlandic society
15
Danes in Nuuk 1915
17
Turbulence in Greenland
22
A Creenlandic pasture
25
South Greenland Provincial Council 1911
30
Education
114
Development in education
115
Government investment in Greenland 1948491958
116
Distribution of income in Greenland by source
117
District Court Statistics Greenland
118
Distribution of law cases about paternity and other civil cases Percent
119
The political debate
120
Investment plan for Greenland 19661975
128

The revision of 1912
31
Jens DaugaardJensen
33
Greenland halibut
34
Piles of dried and salted cod
35
Health sector in Greenland
40
Cultural Developments
41
Class room in a settlement 1936
43
King Christian X in Nuuk 1921
46
Political Development
47
Ships anchored in Faroese Harbour 1930
55
The Second World War
62
Provincial council members by occupation 191139 47
67
Sheep farm 1936
68
Greenlandic production
69
Fishing from rowing boat
70
South Greenland Provincial Council 1939
72
East Greenland
76
Base Blui West One 1945
77
Funds collected in Greenland during the war
79
Eske Brun and C F Simony
81
The Negotiations in 1946
86
The Americans in Greenland
93
The Great Greenland Commission
101
Type of Family houses in the building programme of 1950
104
Qaanaaq and the East Coast
107
Augo and Frederik Lynge
109
Health care
113
Greenlandic reaction in public
130
The debate in parliament
136
Greenland Population 19301970
137
The road to home rule
142
List of diagrams
146
Mineral resources
149
Greenlanders and Danes in Greenland 19702000
152
Local work force in public service
153
A warehouse 2006
154
Seal catch and trading in of seal hides 19782000
155
Minerals Proportion of Export Value
156
Royal Arctic Line carrier
157
Aircraft in Kangerlussuaq
158
Ilisimatusarfik
159
The old harbour in Nuuk 2003
160
Cargo on the quay in Uummannaq
161
Transfer from Denmark at current prices 19802000
162
Transfer from Denmark at constant prices 1981 19792001
163
Elections for the local parliament Landstinget
164
Percentage of the population outside the towns 18862002
165
The Greenland Flag
168
Appendix 1
170
Appendix 3
178
Appendix 5
184
Index
193
Copyright

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