The Church of the Ancient Councils: The Disciplinary Work of the First Four Ecumenical Councils
Given the great importance of these canons of the ancient ecumenical councils, what precisely do they say and mean? What was the intention of their authors, the fathers of those councils? With the present work, His Eminence Archbishop Peter (L'Huillier) has given the English-speaking world authoritative answers to such questions. After providing an historical overview of each of the four councils, he meticulously examines their canons one by one. He translates them into clear and readable English on the basis of the best modern critical editions; he explains the sometimes ambiguous terminology of the original texts; he explores the historical circumstances which gave rise to these canons in the first place; and he also indicates some of the ways in which they have been reinterpreted (and sometimes misinterpreted) in later centuries. The author does not claim to give answers to all the questions which we today might wish that the ancient canons addressed. Rather, as a scholar, he seeks to engage others in the challenges which honest scholarship poses, to lead them into the world of the ancient councils in order to discover the mens legislatoris. And at the same time, as a bishop, he seeks to discern the continuing significance of the ancient canons for the life of the Church today. The result is a critical study which will long remain an essential reference work for historians and churchmen alike.
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An Eastern Orthodox canonical scholar offers a thorough, sober presentation and evaluation of the decisions of Ecumenical Councils I-IV. Most enlightening was his mention of the 4th Council and the papal decision to side with the monophysite heresy for 6 months following the official determinations of the Council. "It seems good to us and to the Holy Spirit" remains to this day the highest and surest final arbiter of doctrinal purity. Sadly, those who advocate for "papal infallibility" have built their edifices on sand. Alas poor Venice, we love thee well but unwisely.