Clinical Tests for the Musculoskeletal System: Examinations, Signs, Phenomena
The mainstay of orthopedic diagnosis continues to be the physical examination of the patient following a thorough history. This convenient pocketbook presents a comprehensive collection of the clinical tests that are used in orthopedic diagnosis, thereby answering the following questions: - What tests are available for examining a particular joint, and how are they to be interpreted? - What is meant by the name of a test that is mentioned in the literature or in a physician's report? The methodology and interpretation of all relevant test procedures are presented in almost 500 instructive drawings and brief descriptions: - Initial tests - Functional tests - Stress tests - Stability tests Tables on the examination of the spinal column, shoulder joint, and knee joint help in selecting the most suitable examinations. An invaluable aid for physical therapists, orthopedic surgeons, and primary care or emergency room physicians
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Knee Ligament Stability Tests
Function Tests to Assess the Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Occlusive Arterial Disease
Compression Syndrome Tests
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abduction acromioclavicular joint affected leg anterior cruciate ligament anteriorly axial bending biceps tendon causes cervical spine compression test contracture contralateral cruciate ligament deformity degenerative dislocation displacement distal drawer test elbow evaluate examiner grasps examiner immobilizes examining table external rotation femoral flexed 90 flexor foot forearm forefoot grasps the patient's humeral head iliotibial tract immobilizes the patient's impingement increased index finger instability internal intervertebral knee flexed Lachman test Lasegue sign lateral meniscus lower leg lumbar spine medial meniscus median nerve metatarsophalangeal joints mobility muscles normal osteoarthritis pain palpation patella patient is asked patient is prone patient is seated patient is supine pelvis pivot shift test posterior cruciate ligament posteriorly posture pronation proximal quadriceps radial radicular range of motion rotator cuff sacroiliac joint scapula shoulder stability starting position subacromial subluxation suggests symptoms tear Test Assesses test Fig Test Indicates Test Procedure thigh thumb tibia tibial head ulnar nerve valgus stress varus wrist
Page 84 - Assessing the stability of the long head of the biceps tendon in the bicipital groove: the Yergason test.
Page 80 - Acromioclavicular Joint The acromial end of the clavicle articulates with the acromion.
Page 179 - ... thumb and index finger. With the other hand, the examiner grasps the patient's foot and rotates the patient's lower leg.
Page 257 - The patient is asked to rotate his or her head toward the contralateral side (away from the side being examined).
Page 257 - ... (compression of the subclavian artery between the first rib and the clavicle...
Page 127 - Compression of the median nerve can occur in the carpal tunnel. Formed by the carpal bones and the flexor retinaculum, the carpal tunnel encloses all of the finger flexor tendons and the median nerve.
Page 31 - Often patients will also experience pain in the lower abdomen and groin due to tension in the iliopsoas.