Biomedical and Dental Applications of Polymers
Charles Gebelein, F. Koblitz, Frank K. Koblitz
Springer US, 1981 - Medical - 492 pages
The development and use of medical and dental materials are highly interdisciplinary endeavors which require expertise in chemistry, materials science, medicine and/or dentistry, mechanics and design engineering. The Symposium upon which this treatise is based was organized to bring members from these communities together to explore problems of mutual interest. The biomaterials which are used in medical or dental prostheses must not only exhibit structural stability and provide the desired function, but they must also perform over extended periods of time in the environment of the body. The latter is a very stringent requirement. The oral and other physiological environments are designed by nature to break down many organic substances. Also of importance is the requirement that materials used in the prosthesis not have a deleterious effect on body tissues. Most foreign (to the body) substances are somewhat toxic to human tissues; in fact, few factors are more limiting in the medical prosthesis field than the biocompatibility problem. Some of these problems and the attempts to solve them are discussed in this volume.
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Selected Examples of Pathologic Processes Associated
The Status of Olefinso2 Copolymers as Biomaterials
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acid acrylic activity addition adhesion agent amines amount appear applications artificial biological blood body bonding carboxyl cells cement changes Chem chemical clinical coated collagen compared completely composite compounds concentration containing copolymer coupling cured cytoplasm Dent dental derivatives determined developed devices drug effect efficiency experiments Figure filler formation function glass graft groups implants improved increase indicate initial interactions less light limited liquid materials matrix measured mechanical membrane methacrylate method molecular monomers natural observed obtained occur Organs particles Plastics poly polymer polymeric possible prepared present problems properties protein pump range reaction reduced release resin restorative samples shown side similar soluble solution specific strength structure studies substrate surface synthesis Table technique Teflon thrombus tissue urethane values various wear weight