Automated Biometrics: Technnologies and Systems

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 2000 - Business & Economics - 331 pages
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Biometrics-based authentication and identification are emerging as the most reliable method to authenticate and identify individuals. Biometrics requires that the person to be identified be physically present at the point-of-identification and relies on `something which you are or you do' to provide better security, increased efficiency, and improved accuracy. Automated biometrics deals with physiological or behavioral characteristics such as fingerprints, signature, palmprint, iris, hand, voice and face that can be used to authenticate a person's identity or establish an identity from a database. With rapid progress in electronic and Internet commerce, there is also a growing need to authenticate the identity of a person for secure transaction processing.
Designing an automated biometrics system to handle large population identification, accuracy and reliability of authentication are challenging tasks. Currently, there are over ten different biometrics systems that are either widely used or under development. Some automated biometrics, such as fingerprint identification and speaker verification, have received considerable attention over the past 25 years, and some issues like face recognition and iris-based authentication have been studied extensively resulting in successful development of biometrics systems in commercial applications. However, very few books are exclusively devoted to such issues of automated biometrics.
Automated Biometrics: Technologies and Systems systematically introduces the technologies and systems, and explores how to design the corresponding systems with in-depth discussion. The issues addressed in this book are highly relevant to many fundamental concerns of both researchers and practitioners of automated biometrics in computer and system security.
 

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Contents

Introduction to Biometrics
1
12 What is Biometrics?
2
13 How does a Biometrics System Work?
8
14 Where can Biometrics Systems be Applied?
13
15 Book Perspective
16
References
18
Biometrics Technologies
23
22 Physical Structures
27
82 Iris Recognition
161
83 Coordinate System
165
84 Texture Energy Feature
168
85 Experimental Results
171
References
177
Behavioral Biometrics
179
92 Principles of Speaker Recognition
180
93 GSMSV Method
186

23 Behavioral Characteristics
36
24 Ways of Behaving
39
References
42
Signal and Image Processing
43
32 Transformation Technology
44
33 Image Enhancement
47
34 Image Restoration
52
35 Data Compression
56
References
61
Pattern Recognition
63
42 Image Segmentation
64
43 Feature Selection
71
44 Pattern Classification
73
45 Neural Networks
78
References
84
Physical Biometrics
87
52 Definitions and Notations
88
53 Fingerprint Image Processing
92
54 Minutiae Determination
96
55 Fingerprint Matching
105
References
107
Palmprint Verification
111
62 Datum Point Determination
114
63 Two Typical Features in Palmprint
118
64 Palmprint Classification
128
65 Experimental Results
132
References
134
Face Recognition
137
72 Detection and Location of Faces
139
73 Features Extraction and Face Recognition
146
74 An Dual Eigenspaces Method for Face Recognition
152
75 What Should We Do Next?
155
References
156
Iris Biometrics
159
94 Experimental Results
194
References
200
Signature System
203
102 Offline Signature
205
103 Online Signature
208
104 A Signature Verification System
211
105 InternetIntranet Signature Verification Application
216
References
225
Other Behavioral Biometrics
227
112 Keystroke Biometrics
229
113 Gesture Recognition
231
114 Gait Biometrics
234
References
239
Biometrics Applications
243
122 HumanSide Interface
246
123 MachineSide Interface
254
PalmScanner Interface
261
References
266
Personal Authentication
269
132 Potential Application Areas
271
133 How to Select a Biometrics System
274
134 Application Programming Interface Standards
279
135 Information Resources
286
Biometrics Chinese Medicine
289
142 Four Chinese Diagnostic Methods
291
143 Various Observation Types in TCM
295
144 Tongue Diagnosis
298
References
310
Future Work in Biometrics
313
152 Key Technologies in Biometrics
314
153 Integrated Biometrics
319
154 VLSI Biometrics
322
Index
327
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Biometric Solutions
David Zhang
Limited preview - 2002
Biometric Solutions
David Zhang
Limited preview - 2002
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About the author (2000)

Zhang has 18 years' experience developing large-scale database applications, including online transaction processing systems and data warehouses.