Language Contacts in Prehistory: Studies in Stratigraphy
John Benjamins Publishing, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 292 pages
Every language includes layers of lexical and grammatical elements that entered it at different times in the more or less distant past. Hence, for periods preceding our earliest historical documentation, linguistic stratigraphy the systematic study of such layers may yield information about the prehistory of a given tradition of speaking in a variety of ways. For instance, irregular phonological reflexes may be evidence of the convergence of diverse dialects in the formation of a language, and layers of material from different source languages may form a record of changing cultural contacts in the past. In this volume are discussed past problems and current advances in the stratigraphy of Indo-European, African, Southeast Asian, Australian, Oceanic, Japanese, and Meso-American languages.
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adstratum African Altaic Altaic languages archaeological Ateker attested Austroasiatic Bantu borrowed Celtic century cognate cultural dialects E’Uv early Eastern Ngumpin Ehret etymologies European evidence ﬁelds Fijian ﬁrst Gaulish Geraghty Germanic Greek groups Historical Linguistics hydronyms Indo-European Indo-Iranian inﬂuence innovations Japanese Khmer Korean language contact Latin layer lenition lexemes lexical lexicon linguistic stratigraphy loans loanwords Longo Masele Mayan Mesoamerica morphological Nahuatl Ngumpin-Yapa Nilotic Nuclear Polynesian Nuclear Polynesian languages Paciﬁc Pawley perfect phonological Polynesian languages Polynesian loanwords prehistory present-aorist Proto-Indo-European proto-language proto-Rub PRub reconstruction reduplication reﬂect reﬂexes root Rotuman Rub languages Samoan seed-grinding semantic Slavic and Baltic sound change Southern speakers speciﬁcally stative strata stratigraphy stratum Studies substratum superstratum Surmic Table Thai theory Tong Tongan Uduk University Uto-Aztecan languages velar verb vocabulary vowel Western word Zone F