Pragmatism, a New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking: Popular Lectures on Philosophy
The lectures that follow were delivered at the Lowell institute in Boston in November and December, 1906, and in January, 1907, at Columbia University in New York.
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Abso absolute absolute edition absolute monism abstract actual agree atoms believe better called claim common sense conceive conception concrete connexion definite difference divine doctrine empiricism empiricist ence eternal everything exist experience facts feel finite follow forms Frederick Myers free-will friability human hypothesis ical ideal imagine intellectual intellectualist kind knower live logic Lowell Institute lute matic matter melioristic ment mental metaphysical mind monistic mystical nature ness notion object pantheism particular philosophy plural pluralistic possible practical prag pragmatic method PRAGMATISM MEANS pragmatist principle question radical rationalism rationalist reality reason relations religion religious Schiller Scholasticism sensations sensible simple sort spirit stage substance suppose talk temperament tender-minded theism theory things thought tically tion tism tough-minded transcendental idealism treat true ideas truth uncon unified union unity universe vague verification whole word
Page 222 - The true,' to put it very briefly, is only the expedient in the way of our thinking, just as 'the right' is only the expedient in the way of our behaving.
Page 53 - You must bring out of each word its practical cash-value, set it at work within the stream of your experience. It appears less as a solution, then, than as a program for more work, and more particularly as an indication of the ways in which existing realities may be changed. Theories thus become instruments, not answers to enigmas, in which we can rest. We don't lie back upon them, we move forward, and, on occasion, make nature over again by their aid.
Page 45 - The pragmatic method in such cases is to try to interpret each notion by tracing its respective practical consequences. What difference would it practically make to any one if this notion rather than that notion were true? If no practical difference whatever can be traced, then the alternatives mean practically the same thing, and all dispute is idle.
Page 104 - ... the energies of our system will decay, the glory of the sun will be dimmed, and the earth, tideless and inert, will no longer tolerate the race which has for a moment disturbed its solitude. Man will go down into the pit, and all his thoughts will perish.
Page 299 - On pragmatistic principles, if the hypothesis of God works satisfactorily in the widest sense of the word, it is true. Now whatever its residual difficulties may be, experience shows that it certainly does work, and that the problem is to build it out and determine it so that it will combine satisfactorily with all the other working truths.
Page 46 - Mr. Peirce, after pointing out that our beliefs are really rules for action, said that, to develop a thought's meaning, we need only determine what conduct it is fitted to produce: that conduct is for us its sole significance.
Page 79 - ... situation. I said just now that what is better for us to believe is true unless the belief incidentally clashes with some other vital benefit. Now in real life what vital benefits is any particular belief of ours most liable to clash with? What indeed except the vital benefits yielded by other beliefs when these prove incompatible with the first ones? In other words, the greatest enemy of any one of our truths may be the rest of our truths. Truths have once for all this desperate instinct of...
Page 54 - The attitude of looking away from first things, principles, "categories," supposed necessities; and of looking towards last things, fruits, consequences, facts.
Page 218 - Truth for us is simply a collective name for verification-processes, just as health, wealth, strength, etc., are names for other processes connected with life, and also pursued because it pays to pursue them. Truth is made, just as health, wealth and strength are made, in the course of experience.
Page 60 - ... from which he seeks to escape by modifying his previous mass of opinions. He saves as much of it as he can, for in this matter of belief we are all extreme conservatives. So he tries to change first this opinion, and then that (for they resist change very variously), until at last some new idea comes up which he can graft upon the ancient stock with a minimum of disturbance of the latter, some idea that mediates between the stock and the new experience and runs them into one another most felicitously...