## The Mathematics DictionaryThroughout the preparation of each edition of this dictionary, the guiding objective has been to make it useful for students, scientists, engineers, and others interested in the meaning of mathemati cal terms and concepts. It is intended to be essentially complete in the coverage of topics that occur in precollege or undergraduate college mathematics courses, as well as covering many topics from beginning graduate-level courses. In addition, many other interesting and important mathematical concepts are included. When preparing this edition, emphasis was given on revising and updating topics included in previous editions and to introducing many new topics, so as to reflect recent interesting and exciting developments in mathematics. An important feature continued and extended in this edition is the multilingual index in French, German, Russian, and Spanish. The English equivalents of mathemati cal terms in these languages enable the reader not only to learn the English meaning of a foreign-language mathematical term, but also to find its definition in the body of this book. Although this is by no means a mere word dictionary, neither is it an encyclopedia. It is a correlated condensation of mathematical concepts, designed for time-saving reference work. Never theless, the general reader can come to an understanding of a new concept by looking up unfamiliar terms in the definition at hand and following this procedure down to familiar concepts. |

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Mathematics Dictionary 5th Edition

ERROR FLAG ON GOOGLE BOOKS!!! Mathematics Dictionary 5th edition by James and James. Google Books lists Wrong authors below reader review section. The Mathematics Dictionary on this page is authored by R.C. James, Glenn James, as were editions 1 through 4, as far as I know. The Google Books entry incorrectly lists authors as: P.L. Williams, R.C. James, S.M. Roberts, who do not even have degrees in mathematics. These three are not the authors of the Mathematics Dictionary. The real authors are R.C. James and Glenn James, and have been for years. Now to my review of James & James. I have found this reference very valuable over the years. More than just a dictionary of word meanings, James & James expands on the meanings of terms and concepts, and is perhaps closer to a mathematical encyclopedia. Detailed and professional treatments that are interesting enough to make good reading, not just a look up. The quality of the discussion is much better than what we see in other references, e.g. Wikipedia. I would recommend James & James to any serious student or working professional in the field of mathematics.

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### Contents

A | 1 |

DENOMINATE NUMBERS | 453 |

MATHEMATICAL SYMBOLS | 455 |

Trigonometry and Hyperbolic Functions | 456 |

Logic and Set Theory | 458 |

Topology and Abstract Spaces | 459 |

Mathematics of Finance | 460 |

DIFFERENTIATION FORMULAS | 461 |

INTEGRAL TABLES | 462 |

GREEK ALPHABET | 477 |

478 | |

496 | |

512 | |

533 | |