Worldly Gurus and Spiritual Kings: Architecture and Asceticism in Medieval India
This pioneering book is the first full-length study of the matha, or Hindu monastery, which developed in India at the turn of the first millennium. Rendered monumentally in stone, the matha represented more than just an architectural innovation: it signaled the institutionalization of asceticism into a formalized monastic practice, as well as the emergence of the guru as an influential public figure. With entirely new primary research, Tamara I. Sears examines the architectural and archaeological histories of six little-known monasteries in Central India and reveals the relationships between political power, religion, and the production of sacred space. This important work of scholarship features scrupulous original measured drawings, providing a vast amount of new material and a much-needed contribution to the fields of Asian art, religious studies, and cultural history. In introducing new categories of architecture, this book illuminates the potential of buildings to reconfigure not only social and ritual relationships but also the fundamental ontology of the world.
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10th century ācāryas addition archaeological architecture ascetic āśrama Bilhāri Brahmā brāhmaṇical Buddhist Buḍhi Chanderī building building’s built central India chamber Chandella Chandrehe contexts courtly courtyard darśana Delhi doorframe east EITA entrance established example exterior forest functioned Gaṇeśa Gopakṣetra guru guru’s Gwalior Gwalior Museum Hindu History icon initiation interior Kadwāhā Kalachuri Kalachuri kingdom Kalachuri-Chedi kings larger lineage lintel li ga located lower story maṇḍala maṭha Mattamayūra Mattamayūra sites monastery monastery’s monastic community monastic dwelling monastic sites monuments movement north–south axis original hermitage Oscillating Universe particularly Pārvatī performance Phyllis Granoff pillars practice Pratīhāras rājagurus Ranod Ranod inscription religious remains resident ritual rooms royal patronage sacred sages Śaiva Siddhānta sanctum Sanderson Sanskrit sculpted sculptural Seen shrine Śiva temple Śiva’s Son River sources space Stone Inscription Surwāyā Terāhī texts textual translation by Mirashi Tripurī University Press upper story Vaiśeṣika Vaiṣṇava veranda verse Vyomaśiva walls worship Yuvarājadeva