God's Gateway: Identity and Meaning in a Hindu Pilgrimage Place

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Oxford University Press, Jan 27, 2010 - Religion - 328 pages
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A celebrated Hindu pilgrimage site, Hardwar lies on the river Ganges at the edge of the Himalayas. Its identity as a holy place is inextricably tied to the mythology and reality of the Ganges, and traditional sources overwhelmingly stress this connection. Virtually nothing has been written about Hardwar's history and development, although the historical record reveals striking changes of the past few centuries. These changes have usually reflected worldly forces such as shifting trade routes, improved transportation, or political instability. Yet such mundane influences have been ignored in the city's sacred narrative, which presents a fixed, unchanging identity. The city's complex identity, says Lochtefeld, lies in the tension between these differing narratives. In this fieldwork-based study, Lochtefeld analyzes modern Hardwar as a Hindu pilgrimage center. He looks first at various groups of local residents -- businessmen, hereditary priests, and ascetics -- and assesses their differing roles in managing Hardwar as a holy place. He then examines the pilgrims and the factors that bring them to Hardwar. None of these groups is as pious as popularly depicted, but their interactions in upholding their own interest create and maintain Hardwar's religious environment. In conclusion, he addresses the wider context of Indian pilgrimage and the forces shaping it in the present day. He finds that many modern Hindus, like many modern Christians, feel some dissonance between traditional religious symbols and their 21st-century world, and that they are reinterpreting their traditional symbols to make them meaningful for their time.
 

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Contents

1 Finding a Sense of Place
3
2 Hardwar in Sanskrit Sources
21
3 The History and Development of a Pilgrim Center
49
4 The Life and Times of a Pilgrim City
103
5 The Hardwar Pandas
123
6 Ascetic Life
143
7 Pilgrims and Visitors
171
8 Pilgrims and Pilgrimage in a Changing World
203
Text of the Inscription at the Sharvan Nath Temple Hardwar
231
Exhortations and Warnings for Pilgrims from the Tirtha Welfare League
233
Glossary
235
Notes
241
List of Sources
287
Index
301
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About the author (2010)

Professor of Religion, Director of Asian Studies, Carthage College

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